Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 77, Issue 20, pp 27471–27489 | Cite as

Face description using electric virtual binary pattern (EVBP): application to face recognition

  • Abdellatif DahmouniEmail author
  • Karim El Moutaouakil
  • Khalid Satori


In this paper, we present a novel efficient face description method called Electric Virtual Binary Pattern (EVBP). The main idea of EVBP descriptor is to combine Local Binary Pattern (LBP) and our new Model based on the Virtual Electric Field. This model consider the neighborhood of each pixel as a grid of virtual electric charges that are electrostatically balanced. Then, we apply the LBP principle for this neighborhood to generate the new EVBP pixel representation. Based on the four trivial space directions, this representation is computed using the corresponding four electrical interactions. Moreover, the spatially enhanced Local Binary Pattern Histogram (eLBPH) algorithm is employed to extract features. Therefore, the proposed EVBP descriptor led to reduce the features vector size by 93.75%. Consequently, we moved from 255 bin-histograms for LBP to 16 bin-histograms for EVBP descriptor. Extensive experiments were carried on relevant databases have proved the effectiveness of the proposed approach.


LBP Virtual electric field Fictitious charges eLBPH EVBP 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LIIAN, Faculty of Sciences Dhar-MahrazSidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah UniversityFezMorocco
  2. 2.AICSMT, Polydisciplinary Faculty of NadorMohamed1 UniversityNadorMorocco

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