Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 77, Issue 3, pp 3597–3622 | Cite as

A recent survey on image watermarking techniques and its application in e-governance

  • Chandan Kumar
  • Amit Kumar SinghEmail author
  • Pardeep Kumar


This survey presents a brief discussion of different aspects of digital image watermarking. Included in the present discussion are these general concepts: major characteristics of digital watermark, novel and recent applications of watermarking, different kinds of watermarking techniques and common watermark embedding and extraction process. In addition, recent state-of-art watermarking techniques, potential issues and available solutions are discussed in brief. Further, the performance summary of the various state-of-art watermarking techniques is presented in tabular format. This survey contribution will be useful for the researchers to implement efficient watermarking techniques for secure e-governance applications.


ICT Spatial and transform domain techniques Image watermarking Embedding and extraction 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chandan Kumar
    • 1
  • Amit Kumar Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pardeep Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CSE & ITJaypee University of Information TechnologySolanIndia

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