Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 77, Issue 3, pp 3919–3940 | Cite as

Segmentation of pectoral muscle using the adaptive gamma corrections

  • Syed Jamal Safdar Gardezi
  • Faouzi Adjed
  • Ibrahima Faye
  • Nidal Kamel
  • Mohamed Meselhy Eltoukhy


Accurate segregation of pectoral muscles is very crucial in breast cancer detection. Pectoral segmentation is a challenging task due to heterogeneous tissues densities, neighborhood complexities and breast shape variabilities. This paper presents an adaptive gamma correction method for pectoral suppression in mammograms. The proposed algorithm is adaptive to variations in shape, density of tissues and the curvature of pectoral boundary i.e. straight line or curved pectoral boundary. The method utilizes the morphological information of mammograms to discriminate the breast parenchyma from the rest of breast region. The adaptive gamma corrections enhance the mammograms according to tissues densities and provide a separation boundary between breast region and pectoral parenchymal. The method is tested on three types of tissues densities present in MIAS dataset i.e. Fatty, Fatty-glandular and Dense tissues. The goodness of segmentation is measured using jaccard similarity index between the ground truth and segmented regions. The proposed methods successfully detected 98.45 % of the pectoral regions and have an overall 92.79 % jaccard similarity index with the ground truth. Moreover, evaluation by experts also confirms good performance of the proposed method.


Breast cancer Pectoral suppression Edge detection Adaptive gamma correction Interpolation 



The work is supported by URIF grant 0153AA-B52.

The authors are thankful to Virginie Briantais, Radiologist at Jean Villar Clinic, 33520 Bruges, France & Dr Fakhreddine Ababsa, image processing Expert, Evry University, 91020 Evry, France.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Syed Jamal Safdar Gardezi
    • 1
  • Faouzi Adjed
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ibrahima Faye
    • 1
  • Nidal Kamel
    • 1
  • Mohamed Meselhy Eltoukhy
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Intelligent Signals and Imaging Research, Department of Fundamental and Applied SciencesUniversity Tecknologi PETRONASBandar Seri IskandarMalaysia
  2. 2.Laboratoire IBISC EA 4526Université D’Evry Val d’Essonne91020France
  3. 3.Computer Science Department, Faculty of Computers, InformaticsSuez Canal UniversityIsmailiaEgypt

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