Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 76, Issue 4, pp 5607–5629 | Cite as

Personalized presentation annotations using optical HMDs

  • Wyko Rijnsburger
  • Sven Kratz


It is difficult to adjust the content of traditional slide presentations to the knowledge level, interest and role of individuals. This might force presenters to include content that is irrelevant for part of the audience, which negatively affects the knowledge transfer of the presentation. In this work, we present a prototype that is able to eliminate non-pertinent information from slides by presenting annotations for individual attendees on optical head-mounted displays. We first create guidelines for creating optimal annotations for HMDs by evaluating several types of annotations alongside different types of slides. Then we evaluate the knowledge acquisition of presentation attendees using the prototype versus traditional presentations. Our results show that annotations with a limited amount of information, such as text up to 5 words, can significantly increase the amount of knowledge gained from attending a group presentation. Additionally, presentations where part of the information is moved to annotations are judged more positively on attributes such as clarity and enjoyment.


Head-mounted device (HMD) Smart spaces Presentations Annotations 



We would like to thank our study participants. We thank Pernilla Qvarfordt (FXPAL) and Frank Nack (University of Amsterdam) for their supervision and help with this research.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FX Palo Alto LaboratoryPalo AltoUSA
  2. 2.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamNetherlands

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