Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 76, Issue 6, pp 8423–8448 | Cite as

Research on watermarking payload under the condition of keeping JPEG image transparency

  • Jia-Fa Mao
  • Wei-Guo Sheng
  • Ya-Hong Hu
  • Gang Xiao
  • Zhi-Guo Qu
  • Xin-Xin Niu
  • Li-Nan Zhu
Article
  • 110 Downloads

Abstract

This work focuses on the problem of maximum watermarking payload under the condition of keeping image transparency. The maximum watermarking payload of JPEG images is influenced by internal factors such as the size, complexity and visual sensitivity of images, as well as external factors including embedding operators, carrier frequency bands and embedding intensity, etc. Through the construction of payload mathematical model, theoretic analysis and experimental derivation we propose an estimation method of maximum watermarking payload based on the DCT coefficients. The feasibility and efficiency of the proposed method has been demonstrated in our experiments by adopting two embedding operators and three carrier frequency bands. Our results show, in comparison with previously related work, the proposed method can be more practical.

Keywords

Transparency Watermarking payload Image complexity Visual sensitivity Embedding intensity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jia-Fa Mao
    • 1
  • Wei-Guo Sheng
    • 1
  • Ya-Hong Hu
    • 1
  • Gang Xiao
    • 1
  • Zhi-Guo Qu
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xin-Xin Niu
    • 4
  • Li-Nan Zhu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Computer Science and TechnologyZheJiang University of TechnologyHang ZhouChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Engineering Center of Network MonitoringNanjing University of Information Science &TechnologyNanjingChina
  3. 3.School of Computer and SoftwareNanjing University of Information Science & TechnologyNanjingChina
  4. 4.Information Security CenterBeijing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsBeiJingChina

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