Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 76, Issue 5, pp 6941–6972 | Cite as

Secure variable-capacity self-recovery watermarking scheme

  • Hui Shi
  • Xianghai Wang
  • Mingchu Li
  • Jun Bai
  • Bin Feng


Since existing watermarking schemes usually cannot recover the tampered position, a secure variable-capacity self-recovery watermarking scheme is proposed. Both watermark embedding capacity and security are taken into account. The original image is divided into texture blocks and smooth blocks, and the texture blocks not only save traditional information, and save the “details” information. The so-called “details” information refers to the texture information, which not only can effectively resist mean attack, but also help to improve the quality of the recovered image to meet the needs of practical work. And then according to the characteristics of different blocks, the different length compound watermarks are produced. The so-called “compound watermarks” include the authentication watermarks and information watermarks. Authentication watermarks are used to detect the tampered region, and the information watermarks which include basic watermark and additional watermark are used to recover image. Then the compound watermarks are inserted into the other blocks based on the new proposed scheme called three level secret-key embedding scheme (TLSES). And then detect the tamper blocks and recover them by the three level tamper detection scheme (TLTDS). The experimental results show that the paper can not only accurately detect the tamper region and recover image, but also can effectively resist mean attack and collage attack.


Self-recovery watermark Security Tamper detection Variable-capacity Compound watermark Three level secret-key embedding scheme (TLSES) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui Shi
    • 1
  • Xianghai Wang
    • 2
  • Mingchu Li
    • 3
  • Jun Bai
    • 4
  • Bin Feng
    • 3
  1. 1.Network Information Management CenterLiaoning Normal UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.Graduate SchoolLiaoning Normal UniversityDalianChina
  3. 3.School of SoftwareDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  4. 4.Dalian Institute for drug controlDalianChina

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