Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 75, Issue 11, pp 6347–6371 | Cite as

Adaptive compressive sensing for target tracking within wireless visual sensor networks-based surveillance applications

  • Salema Fayed
  • Sherin M.Youssef
  • Amr El-Helw
  • Mohammad Patwary
  • Mansour Moniri
Article

Abstract

Wireless Visual Sensor Networks (WVSNs) have gained significant importance in the last few years and have emerged in several distinctive applications. The main aim is to design low power WVSN surveillance application using adaptive Compressive Sensing (CS) which is expected to overcome the WVSN resource constraints such as memory limitation, communication bandwidth and battery constraints. In this paper, an adaptive block CS technique is proposed and implemented to represent the high volume of captured images in a way for energy efficient wireless transmission and minimum storage. Furthermore, to achieve energy-efficient target detection and tracking with high detection reliability and robust tracking, to maximize the lifetime of sensor nodes as they can be left for months without any human interactions. Adaptive CS is expected to dynamically achieve higher compression rates depending on the sparsity nature of different datasets, while only compressing relative blocks in the image that contain the target to be tracked instead of compressing the whole image. Hence, saving power and increasing compression rates. Least mean square adaptive filter is used to predicts target’s next location to investigate the effect of CS on the tracking performance. The tracking is achieved in both indoor and outdoor environments for single/multi targets. Results have shown that with adaptive block CS up to 20 % measurements of data are required to be transmitted while preserving the required performance for target detection and tracking.

Keywords

Adaptive compressive sensing Compressive sensing LMS Surveillance applications Target tracking WVSN 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salema Fayed
    • 1
  • Sherin M.Youssef
    • 1
  • Amr El-Helw
    • 2
  • Mohammad Patwary
    • 3
  • Mansour Moniri
    • 3
  1. 1.Computer Engineering DepartmentCollege of Engineering and Technology, Arab Academy for Science and TechnologyAlexandriaEgypt
  2. 2.Electronics and Communication DepartmentCollege of Engineering and Technology, Arab Academy for Science and TechnologyAlexandriaEgypt
  3. 3.Faculty of Computing, Engineering and TechnologyStaffordshire UniversityStoke on TrentUK

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