Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 247–259 | Cite as

Image and video transmission: a comparison study of using unequal loss protection and multiple description coding

  • Enrico BaccagliniEmail author
  • Tammam Tillo
  • Gabriella Olmo


We present a performance comparison between multiple description coding (MDC) and unequal loss protection (ULP) as tools to deliver multimedia data to mobile users. Graceful-degradation encoding schemes are able to cope with packet losses due to time-variant channels as they allow the receivers to partially reconstruct the transmitted data with only a subset of received packets. We address a rate-distortion-based multiple description coding scheme and a state-of-the-art unequal loss protection algorithm based on Reed Solomon Forward Error Correction (FEC) codes. The comparison is performed using as a case study JPEG 2000 coded images and H.264/AVC video sequences transmitted over lossy packet networks. Complexity aspects are also considered. The simulation results show that both schemes allocate the same amount of redundancy for any given encoding output rate to protect the transmitted information. The main findings are that MDC, besides being computationally less intensive, achieves a smoother performance degradation, whereas, the ULP scheme yields superior performance in terms of the expected PSNR.


Resilience Graceful degradation Image and video transmission 



This paper is based on work performed in the framework of the Project SEA IST-214063, funded by the European Community and it has been also supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 60972085, and No. 60903066).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enrico Baccaglini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tammam Tillo
    • 2
  • Gabriella Olmo
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di ElettronicaPolitecnico di TorinoTorinoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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