Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 569–588 | Cite as

A non-intrusive estimation for high-quality Internet TV services

  • Alberto Fraga
  • Laura Pozueco
  • Xabiel Garcia Pañeda
  • Roberto García
  • David Melendi
  • Sergio Cabrero


This paper presents a non-intrusive estimator for Internet TV services based on streaming technology. Analyzing the video packets received by the client application, the estimator is capable of selecting the most suitable encoding bitrate for the available bandwidth in the end-to-end path. The estimator has been integrated in a real client/server architecture and evaluated with different network traffic situations. The results of the performed evaluation have revealed the stability and adaptation speed as the best qualities of our proposal.


Video Streaming Estimator Bitrate adaptation 



This work was partially supported by the Spanish National Research Program within the project TSI2007-60474 and the PCTI Asturias Basic Research Project IB09-005.


  1. 1.
    Arsan T (2007) An integrated software architecture for bandwidth adaptive video streamingGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baldo N, Horn U, Kampmann M, Hartung F (2004) RTCP feedback based transmission rate control for 3G Wireless Multimedia Streaming. PIMRCGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bolot J-C, Turletti T (1998) Experience with control mechanisms for packet video in the internet. ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication ReviewGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ekelin S, Nilsson M, Hartikainen E, Johnsson A, Mangs J-E, Björkman M (2006) Real-time measurement of end-to-end available bandwidth using Kalman Filtering. NOMSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ergin MA, Gruteser M (2006) Using packet probes for available bandwidth estimation: a wireless testbed experience. ACMGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fraga A, Pañeda XG, Melendi D, García R, Cabrero S (2009) A non-intrusive estimation for high-quality internet TV services. International Workshop Future Multimedia Networking. LNCS. Coimbra, PortugalGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fröjdh P, Horn U, Kampmann M, Nohlgren A, Westerlund M (2006) Adaptive streaming within the 3GPP packet-switched streaming service. Network, IEEEGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fung C, Liew SC (1999) End-to-end frame-rate adaptive streaming of video data. Multimedia Computing and SystemsGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Goel A, Krasic C (2008) Low_latency Adaptive Streaming over TCP. ACM Transaction on Multimedia Computing, Communications and ApplicationGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Guruprasad S, Ricci R, Lepreau J (2005) Integrated network experimentation using simulation and emulation. TridentcomGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jain M, Dovrolis C (2004) Ten fallacies and pitfalls on the end-to-end available bandwidth estimation. IMCGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jain M, Dovrolis C (2005) End-to-end estimation of the available bandwidth variation range. SIGMETRICSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kin T, Ammar MH (2005) Optimal quality adaptation for scalable encoded video. IEEE J Sel Areas CommunGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Krasic C, Walpole J, Feng W (2003) Quality-adaptive media streaming by priority drop. NossdavGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mukherjee D, Delfosse E, Kim J, Wang Y (2005) Optimal adaptation decision-taking for terminal and network quality-of-service. IEEE Trans MultimediaGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Papadimitriou P, Tsaoussidis V (2007) A rate control scheme for adaptive video streaming over the internet. ICCGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Prasad R, Dovrolis C, Murray M, Claffy KC (2003) Bandwidth estimation: metrics, measurement techniques and tools. IEEE NetwGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Schwarz H, Marpe D, Wiegand T (2007) Overview of the scalable video coding extension of the h.264/avc standard. IEEE Trans Circuits SystGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    TurhanTunali E, Kantarci A, Ozbek N (2005) Robust quality adaptation for internet video streaming. Multimed Tool ApplGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vilas M, Pañeda XG, Melendi D, García R, García V (2007) Performance of audio/video services on constrained variable user access lines, ICETEGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wu D, Hou YT, Zhu W, Lee H-J, Chiang T, Zhang Y-Q, Chao HJ (2000) On end-to-end architecture for transporting MPEG-4 video over the internet. IEEE Trans Circuits Syst Video Technol 10(6)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Fraga
    • 1
  • Laura Pozueco
    • 1
  • Xabiel Garcia Pañeda
    • 1
  • Roberto García
    • 1
  • David Melendi
    • 1
  • Sergio Cabrero
    • 1
  1. 1.Informatics DepartmentUniversity of OviedoXixónSpain

Personalised recommendations