Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 46, Issue 2–3, pp 545–572 | Cite as

DanVideo: an MPEG-7 authoring and retrieval system for dance videos

  • Rajkumar Kannan
  • Frederic Andres
  • Christian Guetl


A well-annotated dance media is an essential part of a nation’s identity, transcending cultural and language barriers. Many dance video archives suffer from problems concerning authoring and access, because of the complex spatio-temporal relationships that exist between the dancers in terms of movements of their body parts and the emotions expressed by them in a dance. This paper presents a system named DanVideo for semi-automatic authoring and access to dance archives. DanVideo provides methods of annotation and authoring and retrieval tools for choreographers, dancers, and students. We demonstrate how dance media can be semantically annotated and how this information can be used for the retrieval of the dance video semantics. In particular, DanVideo offers an MPEG-7 based semi-automatic authoring tool that takes dance video annotations generated by dance experts and produces MPEG-7 metadata. DanVideo also has a search engine that takes users’ queries and retrieves dance semantics from metadata arranged using tree-embedding technique and based on spatial, temporal and spatio-temporal features of dancers. The search engine also leverages a domain-specific ontology to process knowledge-based queries. We have assessed the dance-video queries and semantic annotations in terms of precision, recall, and fidelity.


MPEG-7 Dance media annotation Dance ontology Semantic retrieval Tree embedding 


  1. 1.
    Adali S, Candan KS, Chen SS, Erol K, Subramanian VS (1996) The advanced video information system: database structures and query processing. Multimedia Systems 4:172–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bimas U, Simon W, Peter R (1992) NUNTIUS: a computer system for the interactive composition and analysis of music and dance. Leonardo 25(1):59–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Calaban (2002) Homepage:
  4. 4.
    Calfert TW, Chapman J (1978) Notation of movement with computer assistance. Proceedings of ACM annual conference, 731–736Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chitra D, Manthe A, Nack F, Rutledge L, Sikora T, Zettl H (2002) Media Semantics: Who needs it and why? Proceedings of ACM Multimedia, 580-583.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fatemi N, Khaled OA, Corey G (2003) An XQuery adaptation for MPEG-7 documents retrieval. Proceedings of XML Conference and Exposition, 1–9Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Forouzan G, Pegge V, Park YC (2004) A multimedia information repository for cross cultural dance studies. Multimed Tools Appl 24:89–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    George P (1990) Computers and dance: a bibliography. Leonardo 23(1):87–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gkoritsas AC, Angelides MC (2005) COSMOS-7: A video content modeling framework for MPEG-7. Proceedings of 11th International Multimedia Modelling Conference (MMM’05), 123–130Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Graves A, Lalmas M (2002) Video retrieval using an MPEG-7 based inference network. Proceedings of ACM conference SIGIR, 339–346Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hachimura K (2006) Digital archiving of dancing. Review of the National Center for Digitization 8:51–66Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Haoran YI, Rajan D, Liang-Tien C (2005) Automatic generation of MPEG-7 complaint XML document for motion trajectory description in sports video. Multimed Tools Appl 26(2):191–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hatol J, Kumar V (2005) Semantic representation and interaction of dance objects. Proceedings of LORNET conference, PosterGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hattori M, Takamori T (2002) The description of human movement in computer based on movement score. Proceedings of 41st SICE, 2370–2371Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Herbison–Evans D (1988) Dance, video, notation and computers. Leonardo 21(1):45–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hutchinson A (1984) Dance Notation: Process of recording movement. ISBN : 0871271419, Editor : Dance Horizon, London, p 226Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    IBM VideoAnnEx (2002) Homepage:
  18. 18.
    Ilene F (2000) Documentation Technology for the 21st Century. Proceedings of World Dance Academic Conference, 137–142Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kalajdziski S, Davcev D (2004) Augmented reality system interface for dance analysis and presentation based on MPEG-7. Proceedings of IASTED conference on Visualization, Imaging, and Image Processing, 725–730Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    LED, LINTER (2006) An X-Windows Editor / Interpreter for Labanotation.
  21. 21.
    MacBenesh (2004) Benesh notation editor for Apple Macintosh.
  22. 22.
    Martinez JM (2003) MPEG-7 Overview. ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11-N4980Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    NIST validation service (2003) MPEG-7 Validation site:
  24. 24.
    Ryn J, Sohn J, Kin M (2002) MPEG-7 metadata authoring tool. Proceedings of ACM Multimedia, 267–270Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Samira H, Salima B, Mohand SH, Athena V (2004) Semantic Retrieval of Multimedia data. Proceedings of ACM MultiMedia DataBase,Washington, DC, USA, 36–44Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tran-Thuong T, Roisin C (2003) Multimedia modeling using MPEG-7 for authoring multimedia integration. Proceedings of 5th ACM SIGMM international Workshop on Multimedia information Retrieval (Berkeley, California, November 07 - 07, 2003) MIR’03, 171–178Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajkumar Kannan
    • 1
  • Frederic Andres
    • 2
  • Christian Guetl
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceBishop Heber CollegeTiruchirappalliIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of InformaticsTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Institute for Information Systems and Computer MediaTU-GrazGrazAustria

Personalised recommendations