Mathematical Physics, Analysis and Geometry

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 255–273 | Cite as

Lagrangian Curves on Spectral Curves of Monopoles

  • Brendan Guilfoyle
  • Madeeha Khalid
  • José J. Ramón Marí


We study Lagrangian points on smooth holomorphic curves in \({\rm T}{\mathbb P}^1\) equipped with a natural neutral Kähler structure, and prove that they must form real curves. By virtue of the identification of \({\rm T}{\mathbb P}^1\) with the space \({\mathbb L}({\mathbb E}^3)\) of oriented affine lines in Euclidean 3-space \({\mathbb E}^3\), these Lagrangian curves give rise to ruled surfaces in \({\mathbb E}^3\), which we prove have zero Gauss curvature. Each ruled surface is shown to be the tangent lines to a curve in \({\mathbb E}^3\), called the edge of regression of the ruled surface. We give an alternative characterization of these curves as the points in \({\mathbb E}^3\) where the number of oriented lines in the complex curve Σ that pass through the point is less than the degree of Σ. We then apply these results to the spectral curves of certain monopoles and construct the ruled surfaces and edges of regression generated by the Lagrangian curves.


Neutral Kaehler structure Monopoles Lagrangian curves 

Mathematics Subject Classifications (2010)

Primary—53A25; Secondary—81T13 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brendan Guilfoyle
    • 1
  • Madeeha Khalid
    • 1
  • José J. Ramón Marí
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsInstitute of Technology, TraleeClashIreland
  2. 2.IT Tralee Research InstituteInstitute of Technology, TraleeClashIreland

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