Radiation exposure and Mission Strategies for Interplanetary Manned Missions (REMSIM)
- 157 Downloads
Cosmic radiation is an important problem for human interplanetary missions. The “Radiation Exposure and Mission Strategies for Interplanetary Manned Missions–REMSIM” study is summarised here. They are related to current strategies and countermeasures to ensure the protection of astronauts from radiation during interplanetary missions, with specific reference to: radiation environment and its variability; radiation effects on the crew; transfer trajectories and associated fluences; vehicle and surface habitat concepts; passive and active shielding concepts; space weather monitoring and warning systems.
KeywordsActive shield astronaut dose GCR Geant4 inflatable radiation protection shielding SPE
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
This work was funded by the European Space Agency under the ESA ESTEC Contract No.17696/03/NL/AG – Radiation Exposure and Mission Strategies for Interplanetary Manned Mission.
- Aurora, http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Aurora/, ESA publication SP-1264Google Scholar
- Cucinotta F. A., Schimmerling W., Wilson J. W., Peterson L. E., Badhwar G. D., Saganti P. B., and Dicello J. F.: 2001, Radiat. Res. 156(5)Google Scholar
- Foullon C., Holmes-Siedle A., Crosby N. B., and Heynderickx D.: 2004, Radiation Hazard and Space Weather Warning System (REMSIM technical Note 5) Alenia Spazio Technical NoteGoogle Scholar
- Guatelli S. et al., IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., to be submittedGoogle Scholar
- Harris R. A.: 2003, Humex: A Study on the Survivability and Adaptation of Humans to Long-Duration Exploratory Missions, European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
- Holmes-Siedle A. G. and Adams L.: 2002, Handbook of Radiation Effects Oxford University Press, England, ISBN 0-19-850733-XGoogle Scholar
- Lobascio C., Cougnet C., Guarnieri V., Guatelli S., Pia M. G., Rampini R., and Tracino E.: 2004a, Review and Analysis of Existing Vehicle Concepts (REMSIM Technical Note 2) Alenia Spazio Technical NoteGoogle Scholar
- Lobascio C., Guarnieri V., Parisi G., Parodi P., and Tamburini V.: 2004b, Review of Space Radiation Hazards (REMSIM Technical Note 1) Alenia Spazio Technical NoteGoogle Scholar
- Kennedy K. J.: Lesson from TransHab: an architet’s experience NASA JSC, AIAA 2002–6105Google Scholar
- Nieminen P.: 1999, Spectral Input Code for Induced X-ray Emission Calculations from Solar System Bodies ESA/ESTEC Working Paper, E.W.P. 2009Google Scholar
- NCRP: 2000, Radiation Protection Guidance for Activities in Low-Earth Orbit NCRP report No. 132Google Scholar
- Papini P., Spillantini P., Taccetti F., Casolino M., Furano G., Imbasciati L., and Rossi L.: 2002, Protection of the astronauts from the solar and galactic components of the ionizing cosmic radiation in the interplanetary space, Nara, August 2002Google Scholar
- Spillantini P.: 2002, Protection of the astronauts from the solar and galactic components of the ionizing cosmic radiation in the interplanetary space: toward a Shielding Strategy in the Human Space Exploration XII Conference on Space Biology and Aerospace Medicine, Moscow, June 10–14, 2002Google Scholar
- Wilson J. W., Cucinotta F. A., Tai H., Simonsen L. C., Shinn J. L., Thibeault S. A., and Kim M. Y.: 1997 Galactic and Solar Cosmic Ray Shielding in Deep Space NASA Technical Paper 3682, December 1997Google Scholar