Earth, Moon, and Planets

, Volume 95, Issue 1–4, pp 553–567

The Development of the Spanish Fireball Network Using a New All-Sky CCD System

  • J. M. Trigo-Rodríguez
  • A. J. Castro-Tirado
  • J. Llorca
  • J. Fabregat
  • V. J. Martínez
  • V. Reglero
  • M. Jelínek
  • P. Kubánek
  • T. Mateo
  • A. de Ugarte Postigo
Article

Abstract

We have developed an all-sky charge coupled devices (CCD) automatic system for detecting meteors and fireballs that will be operative in four stations in Spain during 2005. The cameras were developed following the BOOTES-1 prototype installed at the El Arenosillo Observatory in 2002, which is based on a CCD detector of 4096 × 4096 pixels with a fish-eye lens that provides an all-sky image with enough resolution to make accurate astrometric measurements. Since late 2004, a couple of cameras at two of the four stations operate for 30 s in alternate exposures, allowing 100% time coverage. The stellar limiting magnitude of the images is +10 in the zenith, and +8 below ~ 65° of zenithal angle. As a result, the images provide enough comparison stars to make astrometric measurements of faint meteors and fireballs with an accuracy of ~ 2°arcminutes. Using this prototype, four automatic all-sky CCD stations have been developed, two in Andalusia and two in the Valencian Community, to start full operation of the Spanish Fireball Network. In addition to all-sky coverage, we are developing a fireball spectroscopy program using medium field lenses with additional CCD cameras. Here we present the first images obtained from the El Arenosillo and La Mayora stations in Andalusia during their first months of activity. The detection of the Jan 27, 2003 superbolide of ± 17 ± 1 absolute magnitude that overflew Algeria and Morocco is an example of the detection capability of our prototype.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brown, P. G., ReVelle, D. O., Tagliaferri, E., Hildebrand, A. R. (2002a) Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 37: 661-675ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brown, P. G. , Spalding, R. E. , ReVelle, D. O., Tagliaferri, E., Worden, S. P. (2002b) Nature 420: 294-296CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Castro-Tirado, A. J., Soldán, J., Bernas, M., Páta, P., Rezek, T., Hudec, R., Sanguino, T. M., Morena, B., Berná, J. A., Rodríguez, J., Pena, A., Gorosabel, J., Más-Hesse, J. M., Giménez, A. (1998) A &A Supp. Ser. 138: 583-586CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Ceplecha, Z. (1996) A &A 279: 329-332ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Ceplecha, Z., Borovicka, J., Graham Elford, W., ReVelle, D. O., Hawkes, R. L., Porubcan, V., Simek, M. (1998) Space Sci. Rev. 84: 327-471CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Ceplecha, Z., Spalding, R. E., Jacobs, C., ReVelle, D. O., Tagliaferri, E., and Brown, P.: 1999, in W. J. Baggaley and V. Porubcan (eds.), Meteoroids 1998, Proceedings of the International Conference held at Tatranská Lomnica, Bratislava, SlovakiaGoogle Scholar
  7. Ceplecha, Z., Spurny P., and Borovicka, J.: 2000, Ondrejov Observatory, Czech RepublicGoogle Scholar
  8. Ceplecha, Z., Spurny, P., Borovicka, J., Keclikova, J. (1993) A &A 279: 615-626ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Gladman, B. J., Pauls, A. D. (2004) Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 39: A44-Google Scholar
  10. Gural, P.: 2001, in Proceedings International Meteor Conference, Cerkno, Slovenia, pp. 29–35Google Scholar
  11. Hawkes, R. L.: 2002, in E. Murad and I. P. Williams (eds.), Meteors in the Earth's Atmosphere, Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  12. Koschack, R., Koschny, D., and Znojil, V.: 1995, in J. Rendtel, R. Arlt and A. McBeath (eds.), Handbook for Visual Meteor Observers, International Meteor Organization, Potsdam, pp. 89–93Google Scholar
  13. Kresakova, M. (1969) Bull. Astron. Inst. Czechoslov. 20: 1-9ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Kruschwitz, C. A., Kelley, M. C., Gardner, C. S., Swenson, G., Liu, A. Z., Chu, X., Drummond, J. D., Grime, B. W., Armstrong, W. T., Plane, J. M. C., Jenniskens, P. (2001) J. Geophys. Res. 106: 21525-21542CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Nemtchinov, I. V., Svetsov, V. V., Kosarev, I. B., Golub, A. P., Popova, O. P., Shuvalov, V. V., Spalding, R. E., Jacobs, C., Tagliaferri, E. (1997) Icarus 130: 259-274CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Rabinowitz, D. L., Gehrels, T., Scotti, J. V., McMillan, M. S., Perry, M. L., Winslewski, W., Larson, S. M., Howel, E. S., Mueller, E. A. (1993) Nature 363: 704-706CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. Rendtel, J. (1993) Handbook for Photographic Meteor Observations. International Meteor Organization, Antwerp, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  18. Spurny, P., Oberst, J., Heinlein, D. (2003) Nature 423: 151-153CrossRefPubMedADSGoogle Scholar
  19. Tagliaferri, E., Spalding, R., Jacobs, C., Worden, S. P. and Erlich, A.: 1994, in Hazards Due to Comets and Asteroids, The Univ. Arizona Press, Tucson, pp. 199–220Google Scholar
  20. Taylor, M.: 1999, in P. Jenniskens (ed.), The Leonid MAC Workshop, NASA Ames Research Center, CA, April 12–15, 1999. Meteorit. Planet. Sci., meeting abstractGoogle Scholar
  21. Trigo-Rodríguez, J. M., Llorca, J. and Fabregat, J.: 2002, Earth, Moon Planets 91, 107–119Google Scholar
  22. Trigo-Rodríguez, J. M., Castro-Tirado, A., Llorca, J., Ugarte Postigo, A., Mateo Sanguino, T., Gálvez, F. (2003) WGN 31: 49-52ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. Trigo-Rodríguez, J. M., Llorca, J., Lyytinen, E., Ortiz, J. L., Sánchez Caso, A., Pineda, C., Torrell, S. (2004) Icarus 171: 219-228CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. Trigo-Rodríguez, J. M., Castro-Tirado, A. J. and Llorca, J.: 2005, 36th LPSC, abstract #1485Google Scholar
  25. von Zahn, U. 1999, in P. Jenniskens (eds.), The Leonid MAC Workshop, NASA Ames Research Center, CA, April 12–15, 1999, Meteorit. Planet. Sci., meeting abstractGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Trigo-Rodríguez
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. J. Castro-Tirado
    • 3
    • 4
  • J. Llorca
    • 5
    • 6
  • J. Fabregat
    • 7
  • V. J. Martínez
    • 7
  • V. Reglero
    • 8
  • M. Jelínek
    • 3
  • P. Kubánek
    • 9
  • T. Mateo
    • 10
  • A. de Ugarte Postigo
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Geophysics and Planetary PhysicsUniversity of California Los Angeles (UCLA)USA
  2. 2.Departament de Ciències ExperimentalsUniversitat Jaume ICastellóSpain
  3. 3.Instituto de Astrofísica de AndalucíaConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IAA-CSIC)GranadaSpain
  4. 4.Estación de Sondeos Atmosféricos, Centro de Experimentación del ArenosilloInstituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (ESAt/CEDEA-INTA)MazagónSpain
  5. 5.Departament Quimica InorganicaUniversitat de BarcelonaSpain
  6. 6.Institut d'Estudis Espacials de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  7. 7.Observatori AstronòmicoUniversitat de ValenciaSpain
  8. 8.Instituto de Ciencia de los MaterialesUniversidad de ValenciaSpain
  9. 9.Astronomical Institute of the Czech Academy of SciencesOndrejovCzech Republic
  10. 10.Departamento de Ingeniería Electrónica y AutomáticaUniversidad Politécnica de la Rábida, (UHU)HuelvaSpain

Personalised recommendations