Advertisement

Mobile Networks and Applications

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 491–503 | Cite as

Delay-Aware User Association and Power Control for 5G Heterogeneous Network

  • Yan Lei
  • Gang Zhu
  • Chao ShenEmail author
  • Yanqing Xu
  • Xiaozhou Zhang
Article
  • 102 Downloads

Abstract

Heterogeneous network (HetNet) serves as one of the most promising technologies for the upcoming fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks. In this paper, we consider the joint design of the delay-aware user association and power control problem in an uplink HetNet. The problem of interest is to minimize the overall power consumption subject to the strict delay constraints, which is modeled as a non-convex and mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem. To solve this intractable problem, we first adopt the 1-norm approximation approach to convert the integer constraints into solvable forms. Then, an iterative algorithm is proposed to solve the reformulated problem based on the successive convex approximation (SCA). The proposed centralized SCA-based algorithm employs the arithmetic-geometric mean (AGM) approximation and it can be further improved by the reweighted 1-minimization technique. A distributed implementation using alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is presented as well. The simulation results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms.

Keywords

User association Power control Successive convex approximation (SCA) Alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The work is supported by the NSFC (61871027, and 61725101), Beijing NSF (L172020), and the Major projects of Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission (Z181100003218010). The authors would like to thank Prof. Xia Chen for her valuable suggestions. Chao Shen is the corresponding author.

References

  1. 1.
    Ma T, Hu F, Ma M (2017) Fast and efficient physical layer authentication for 5G HetNet handover. 27th International Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference, pp 1–3Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mesodiakaki A, Zola E, Kassler A (2017) User association in 5G heterogeneous networks with mesh millimeter wave backhaul links. IEEE international symposium on a world of wireless mobile and multimedia networks, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhang H, Huang S, Jiang C, Long K, Leung VCM, Poor HV (2017) Energy efficient user association and power allocation in millimeter wave based ultra dense networks with energy harvesting base stations. IEEE J Selected Areas Commun 35(9):1936–1947CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hossain E, Rasti M, Tabassum H, Abdelnasser A (2014) Evolution toward 5G multi-tier cellular wireless networks: an interference management perspective. IEEE Wirel Commun 21(3):118– 127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liu C, Natarajan B, Xia H (2016) Small cell base station sleep strategies for energy efficiency. IEEE Trans Veh Technol 65(3):1652–1661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ramazanali H, Mesodiakaki A, Vinel A, Verikoukis C (2017) IEEE Latin-American conference on communications, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chitti K, Kuang Q, Speidel J (2013) Joint base station association and power allocation for uplink sum-rate maximization. IEEE signal processing advances in wireless communications, pp 6–10Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhou T, Wang Y, Yang L, Wu S (2015) Energy-saving user association for uplink heterogeneous cellular networks. IEEE international conference on communication software and networks, pp 73–76Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kuang Q, Speidel J, Droste H (2012) Joint base-station association, channel assignment, beamforming and power control in heterogeneous networks. IEEE vehicular technology conference, pp 1–5Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Qian LP, Zhang YJA, Wu Y, Chen J (2013) Joint base station association and power control via benders’ decomposition. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun 12(4):1651–1665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shen K, Yu W (2014) Distributed pricing-based user association for downlink heterogeneous cellular networks. IEEE J Selected Areas Commun 32(6):1100–1113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Siyi C, Chengwen X, Zesong F (2015) Distributed resource allocation in ultra-dense networks via belief propagation. China Commun 12(11):1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Li WC, Chang TH, Lin C et al (2013) Coordinated beamforming for multiuser MISO interference channel under rate outage constraints. IEEE Trans Signal Process 61(5):1087–1103MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xu Y, Shen C, Ding Z, Sun X, Yan S, Zhu G et al (2017) Joint beamforming and power-splitting control in downlink cooperative swipt noma systems. IEEE Trans Signal Process 65(18):4874–4886MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Madani N, Azmi P (2017) Power saving transmission in interference networks. IET Commun 11(10):1574–1581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Candés EJ, Wakin MB, Boyd S (2008) Enhancing sparsity by reweighted 1 minimization. J Fourier Anal Appl 14(5-6):877–905MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Boyd S, Parikh N, Chu E, Peleato B (2010) Distributed optimization and statistical learning via the alternating direction method of multipliers. Foundations Trends Mach Learn 3(1):1–122CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Shen C, Chang TH, Wang KY, Qiu Z, Chi CY (2012) Distributed robust multicell coordinated beamforming with imperfect CSI: An Admm Approach. IEEE Trans Signal Process 60(6):2988–3003MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang X, Li Z (2013) Energy-efficient transmissions of bursty data packets with strict deadlines over time-varying wireless channels. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun 12(5):2533–2543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chen W, Mitra U, Neely MJ (2009) Energy-efficient scheduling with individual packet delay constraints over a fading channel. International symposium on modeling and optimization in mobile, ad hoc and wireless networks and workshops, pp 1C10Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chen Z, Qiu L, Jin Y, Liang X (2015) Delay-aware uplink user association and power control in heterogeneous cellular networks. IEEE Wirel Commun Lett 4(6):661–664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wolsey LA (1998) Integer programming. Wiley-Interscience, New YorkzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Liao WC, Hong M, Luo ZQ (2014) Base station activation and linear transceiver design for utility maximization in heterogeneous networks. IEEE Trans Signal Process 62(15):3939–3952MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hong M, Sun R, Baligh H, Luo Z Q (2013) Joint base station clustering and beamformer design for partial coordinated transmission in heterogeneous networks. IEEE J Selected Areas Commun 31(2):226–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Boyd S, Vandenberghe L (2014) Convex optimization. Cambridge University Press, New YorkzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Imre P (2011) Conic optimization software. Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science, WileyGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bulut A (2018) Computational methods for discrete conic optimization problems. Theses and Dissertations. 2981. https://preserve.lehigh.edu/etd/2981
  28. 28.
    Grant M, Boyd S (2014) CVX: Matlab software for disciplined convex programming, version 2.1. http://cvxr.com/cvx
  29. 29.
    Ngo DT, Khakurel S, Le-Ngoc T (2014) Joint subchannel assignment and power allocation for ofdma femtocell networks. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun 13(1):342–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ti NT, Long BL (2017) Computation offloading leveraging computing resources from edge cloud and mobile peers. IEEE international conference on communications, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lu Y, Xiong K, Fan P, Zhong Z (2017) Optimal coordinated beamforming with artificial noise for secure transmission in multi-cell multi-user networks. IEEE international conference on communications, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Nguyen KG, Vu QD, Juntti M, Tran LN (2017) Distributed solutions for energy efficiency fairness in multicell miso downlink. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun 16(9):6232–6247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tai MH, Tran NH, Do CT, Kazmi SMA, Huh EN, Hong CS (2015) Power control for interference management and qos guarantee in heterogeneous networks. IEEE Commun Lett 19(8):1402–1405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Xiao S, Zhou X, Feng D, Yi YW, Li GY, Guo W (2016) Energy-efficient mobile association in heterogeneous networks with device-to-device communications. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun 15(8):5260–5271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Dong MK, Popovski P (2016) Reliable uplink communication through double association in wireless heterogeneous networks. IEEE Wirel Commun Lett 5(3):312–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Dong IK, Shin EH, Mi SJ (2015) Hierarchical power control with interference allowance for uplink transmission in two-tier heterogeneous networks. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun 14(2):616–627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Zhou T, Liu Z, Zhao J, Li C, Yang L (2018) Joint user association and power control for load balancing in downlink heterogeneous cellular networks. IEEE Trans Veh Technol 67(3):2582–2593CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The State Key Laboratory of Rail Traffic Control and SafetyBeijing Jiaotong UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations