A Multi-Pronged Approach to Adaptive and Context Aware Content Dissemination in VANETs

  • Joao M. Duarte
  • Eirini Kalogeiton
  • Ridha Soua
  • Gaetano Manzo
  • Maria Rita Palattella
  • Antonio Di Maio
  • Torsten Braun
  • Thomas Engel
  • Leandro A. Villas
  • Gianluca A. Rizzo


Content dissemination in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) has the potential to enable a myriad of applications, ranging from advertising, traffic and emergency warnings to infotainment. This variety in applications and services calls for mechanisms able to optimize content storing, retrieval and forwarding among vehicles, without jeopardizing network resources. Content Centric Networking (CCN), takes advantage of inherent content redundancy in the network in order to decrease the utilization of network resources, improve response time and content availability, coping efficiently with some of the effects of mobility. Floating Content (FC), on the other hand, holds potential to implement efficiently a large amount of vehicular applications thanks to its property of geographic content replication, while Software Defined Networking (SDN), is an attractive solution for the lack of flexibility and dynamic programmability that characterizes current VANET architectures. By implementing a logical centralization of the network, SDN enables dynamic and efficient management of network resources. In this paper, for a few reference scenarios, we illustrate how approaches that combine CCN, FC and SDN enable an innovative adaptive VANET architecture able to efficiently accommodate to intermittent connectivity, fluctuating node density and mobility patterns on one side and application performance and network resources on the other side, aiming to achieve high QoS. For each scenario, we highlight the main open research challenges, and we describe possible solutions to improve content dissemination and reduce replication without affecting content availability.


VANETs Content centric networking Content dissemination Floating content Software defined networking Content caching Replication 



This work was undertaken under the CONTACT project, CORE/SWISS/15/IS/10487418, funded by the National Research Fund Luxembourg (FNR) and the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) project no. 164205. The authors also would like to thank The Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES) and the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) for the financial support by grant 2016/09254-3.


  1. 1.
    Cunha F, Villas L, Boukerche A, Maia G, Viana A, Mini RAF, Loureiro AAF (2016) Data communication in vanets Protocols, applications and challenges. Ad Hoc Netw 44:90–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jacobson V, Smetters DK, Thornton JD, Plass MF, Briggs NH, Braynard RL (2009) Networking named content. In: Proceedings of the 5th international conference on Emerging networking experiments and technologies, pp 1–12Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Anastasiades C, Schmid T, Weber J, Braun T (2016) Information-centric content retrieval for delay-tolerant networks. Computer NetworksGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ali S, Rizzo G, Mancuso V, Marsan MA (2015) Persistence and availability of floating content in a campus environment. In: 2015 IEEE conference on computer communications (INFOCOM), pp 2326–2334Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rizzo G, Palattella MR, Braun T, Engel T (2016) Content and context aware strategies for qos support in vanets. In: 2016 IEEE 30th international conference on advanced information networking and applications (AINA), pp 717–723Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yang M, Li Y, Jin D, Zeng L, Wu X, Vasilakos AV (2014) Software-defined and virtualized future mobile and wireless networks: a survey. Mobile Netw Appl 20(1):4–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ku I, Lu Y, Gerla M, Gomes R, Ongaro F, Cerqueira E (2014) Towards software-defined vanet: Architecture and service. Conference: Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop MEDHOCNETGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Salahuddin MA, Al-Fuqaha A, Guizani M (2015) Software-defined networking for rsu clouds in support of the internet of vehicles. IEEE Internet Things J 2(2):133–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Truong NB, Lee GM, Ghamri-Doudane Y (2015) Software defined networking-based vehicular adhoc network with fog computing. In: Integrated network management (IM), 2015 conference. IFIP/IEEEGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cao Y, Guo J, Wu Y (2014) Sdn enabled content distribution in vehicular networks. In: 2014 4th international conference on Innovative computing technology (INTECH), pp 164–169Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Soua R, Kalogeiton E, Manzo G, Duarte JM, Palattella MR, Di Maio A, Braun T, Engel T, Villas LA, Rizzo GA (2016) Sdn coordination for ccn and fc content dissemination in vanetsGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    McKeown N, Anderson T, Balakrishnan H, Parulkar G, Peterson L, Rexford J, Shenker S, Turner J (2008) Openflow: enabling innovation in campus networks. ACM SIGCOMM Comput Commun Rev 38(2):69–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    He Z, Cao J, Liu X (2016) Sdvn: enabling rapid network innovation for heterogeneous vehicular communication. IEEE Netw 30(4):10–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Abolhasan M, Lipman J, Ni W, Hagelstein B (2015) Software-defined wireless networking: centralized, distributed, or hybrid? IEEE Netw 29(4):32–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Amadeo M, Campolo C, Molinaro A (2013) Enhancing content-centric networking for vehicular environments. Comput Netw 57(16):3222–3234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Grassi G, Pesavento D, Pau G, Vuyyuru R, Wakikawa R, Zhang L (2014) Vanet via named data networking. In: 2014 IEEE conference on computer communications workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), pp 410–415Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Akabane AT, Villas LA, Madeira E, Roberto M (2015) An adaptive solution for data dissemination under diverse road traffic conditions in urban scenarios. In: 2015 IEEE wireless communications and networking conference (WCNC), pp 1654–1659Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Villas L, Boukerche A, Maia G, Pazzi RW, Loureiro AAF (2014) Drive: An efficient and robust data dissemination protocol for highway and urban vehicular ad hoc networks. Comput Netw 75:381–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Donato E, Maia G, Duarte JM, Loureiro AAF, Madeira E, Villas L (2015) Presync: A method for preventing resynchronization in the ieee 802.11 p standard. In: 2015 IEEE symposium on computers and communication (ISCC), pp 457–462Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Anastasiades C, Weber J, Braun T (2016), Dynamic unicast: Information-centric multi-hop routing for mobile ad-hoc networks. Computer NetworksGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Baccelli E, Mehlis C, Hahm O, Schmidt T, Wählisch M (2014) Information centric networking in the iot Experiments with ndn in the wild. In: 1St ACM conference on information-centric networking (ICN-2014). ACMGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yi C, Afanasyev A, Wang L, Zhang B, Zhang L (2012) Adaptive forwarding in named data networking. ACM SIGCOMM Comput Commun Rev 42(3):62–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Udugama A, Zhang X, Kuladinithi K, Goerg C (2014) An on-demand multi-path interest forwarding strategy for content retrievals in ccn. In: 2014 IEEE network operations and management symposium (NOMS), pp 1–6Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Son J, Kim D, Kang HS, Hong CS (2016) Forwarding strategy on sdn-based content centric network for efficient content delivery. In: 2016 international conference on information networking (ICOIN), pp 220–225Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Charpinel S, Santos CAS, Vieira AB, Villaca R, Martinello M. (2016) Sdccn: A novel software defined content-centric networking approach. In: 2016 IEEE 30Th international conference on advanced information networking and applications (AINA), pp 87–94Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lee DH, Thar K, Kim D, Hong CS (2016) Efficient parallel multi-path interest forwarding for mobile user in ccn. In: 2016 international conference on information networking (ICOIN), pp 390–394Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Gomes A, Braun T (2015) Load balancing in lte mobile networks with information-centric networking. In: 2015 IEEE international conference on communication workshop (ICCW), pp 1845–1851Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Marandi SA, Braun T, Salamatian K, Thomos N (2016) A push-based content advertisement approach for information-centric networksGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Yu YT, Gerla M (2016) Information-centric vanets: A study of content routing design alternatives. In: 2016 international conference on computing, networking and communications (ICNC), pp 1–5Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bernardini C, Silverston T, Festor O (2013) Mpc: Popularitybased caching strategy for content centric networks. In: 2013 IEEE international conference on communications (ICC), pp 3619–3623Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lee SB, Wong SHY, Lee KW, Lu S (2011) Content management in a mobile ad hoc network Beyond opportunistic strategy. In: INFOCOM, 2011 Proceedings IEEE, pp 266–270Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Iqbal J, Giaccone P (Dec 2013) Interest-based cooperative caching in multi-hop wireless networks. In: 2013 IEEE globecom workshops (GC wkshps), pp 617–622Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Gallos L, Havlin S, Kitsak M, Liljeros F, Makse H, Muchnik L, Stanley H (2010) Identification of influential spreaders in complex networks. Nat Phys 6(11):888–893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Bernardini C, Silverston T, Festor O (2014) Socially-aware caching strategy for content centric networking. In: Networking Conference, 2014 IFIP, pp 1–9Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Moualla G, Frangoudis PA, Hadjadj-Aoul Y, Ait-Chellouche S (2016) A bloom-filter-based socially aware scheme for content replication in mobile ad hoc networks. In: 2016 13Th IEEE annual consumer communications networking conference (CCNC), pp 359–365Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Katsaros D, Basaras P (2015) Detecting influential nodes in complex networks with range probabilistic control centrality, pp 265–272. Springer International Publishing ChamGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kangasharju J, Ott J, Karkulahti O (2010) Floating content: Information availability in urban environments. In: 2010 8th IEEE international conference on pervasive computing and communications workshops (PERCOM Workshops), pp 804–808Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Hyytiä E, Virtamo J, Lassila P, Kangasharju J, Ott J (2011) When does content float? Characterizing availability of anchored information in opportunistic content sharing. In: INFOCOM, 2011 Proceedings IEEE, pp 3137–3145Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joao M. Duarte
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eirini Kalogeiton
    • 1
  • Ridha Soua
    • 3
  • Gaetano Manzo
    • 1
    • 4
  • Maria Rita Palattella
    • 3
  • Antonio Di Maio
    • 3
  • Torsten Braun
    • 1
  • Thomas Engel
    • 3
  • Leandro A. Villas
    • 2
  • Gianluca A. Rizzo
    • 4
  1. 1.University of BernBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.ICUniversity of CampinasCampinasBrazil
  3. 3.SnTUniversity of LuxembourgEsch-sur-AlzetteLuxembourg
  4. 4.HES-SODelémontSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations