Mobile Networks and Applications

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 133–143

Mobile Cloud Computing: A Survey, State of Art and Future Directions

  • M. Reza Rahimi
  • Jian Ren
  • Chi Harold Liu
  • Athanasios V. Vasilakos
  • Nalini Venkatasubramanian
Article

Abstract

In the recent years, cloud computing frameworks such as Amazon Web Services, Google AppEngine and Windows Azure have become increasingly popular among IT organizations and developers. Simultaneously, we have seen a phenomenal increase in the usage and deployment of smartphone platforms and applications worldwide. This paper discusses the current state of the art in the merger of these two popular technologies, that we refer to as Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC). We illustrate the applicability of MCC in various domains including mobile learning, commerce, health/wellness and social medias. We further identify research gaps covering critical aspects of how MCC can be realized and effectively utilized at scale. These include improved resource allocation in the MCC environment through efficient task distribution and offloading, security and privacy.

Keywords

Mobile cloud computing Survey Mobile computation offloading Wireless bandwidth limitation MCC security and privacy MCC business model 

References

  1. 1.
    Liu F, Shu P, Jin H, Ding L, Yu J, Niu D, Li B (2013) Gearing resource-poor mobile devices with powerful clouds: architectures, challenges, and applications. IEEE Wirel Comm 20:2–10Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chen M, Jin H, Wen Y, Leung VCM (2013) Enabling technologies for future data center networking: a primer. IEEE Netw 27(4):8–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fernando N, Loke SW, Rahayu W (2013) Mobile cloud computing: a survey. Fut Gen Comp Sys 29(1):84–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen M, Ma Y, Ullah S, Cai W, Song E (2013) ROCHAS: robotics and cloud-assisted healthcare system for empty nester. In: BodyNets’13Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kumar K, Liu J, Lu Y-H, Bhargava B (2013) A survey of computation offloading for mobile systems. ACM/Springer MONET 18:129–140Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sanaei Z, Abolfazli S, Gani A, Buyya R (2013) Heterogeneity in mobile cloud computing: taxonomy and open challenges. IEEE Comm Surv Tut 99:1–24Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Li Q, Clark G (2013) Mobile security: a look ahead. IEEE Secur Priv 11(1):78–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Khan AN, Kiah MLM, Khan SU, Madani SA (2013) Towards secure mobile cloud computing: a survey. Fut Gen Comp Sys 29(5):1278–1299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Heavy Reading Real World Research (2013) The mobile cloud market outlook to 2017Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fernando N, Loke SW, Rahayu W (2013) Mobile cloud computing: a survey. In: Future generation of computing systemsGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Braunstein ML (2013) Health informatics in the cloud. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rahimi MR, Venkatasubramanian N, Vasilakos A (2013) MuSIC: on mobility-aware optimal service allocation in mobile cloud computing. In: The IEEE cloud’13Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Liang H, Cai LX, Huang D, Shen XS, Peng D (2012) An SMDP-based service model for inter-domain resource allocation in mobile cloud networks. In: IEEE transactions on vehicular technologyGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Papazoglou MP (2012) Cloud blueprints for integrating and managing cloud federations. In: Springer software service and application engineeringGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kosta S, Aucinas A, Hui P, Mortier R, Zhang X (2012) ThinkAir: dynamic resource allocation and parallel execution in the cloud for mobile code offloading. In: IEEE INFOCOM’12, pp 945–953Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rahimi MR, Venkatasubramanian N, Mehrotra S, Vasilakos AV (2012) MAPCloud: mobile applications on an elastic and scalable 2-tier cloud architecture. In: IEEE/ACM UCC’12, pp 83–90Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kemp R, Palmer N, Kielmann T, Bal H (2012) Cuckoo: a computation offloading framework for smartphones. In: Mobile computing application and service, vol 76 of LNCS. Springer, pp 59–79Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kim K-H, Lee S-J, Congdon P (2012) On cloud-centric network architecture for multi-dimensional mobility. SIGCOMM Comput Commun Rev 42:509–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wen Y, Zhang W, Luo H (2012) Energy optimal mobile application eexecution: taming resource-poor mobile devices with cloud Clones. In: IEEE international conference on computer communications, INFOCOMGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pitkänen M, Kärkkäinen T, Ott J, Conti M, Passarella A, Giordano S, Puccinelli D, Legendre F, Trifunovic S, Hummel K, May M, Hegde N, Spyropoulos T (2012) SCAMPI: service platform for social aware mobile and pervasive computing. In: ACM proceedings of the first edition of the MCC workshop on mobile cloud computing, MCC ’12Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lovett T, ONeill E (2012) Mobile context awareness. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Saylor M (2012) The mobile wave: how mobile intelligence will change everything. Perseus Books/Vanguard PressGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rahimi MR (2012) Exploiting an elastic 2-tiered cloud architecture for rich mobile applications. In: IEEE/ACM 13th international symposium on a world of wireless, mobile and multimedia networksGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Chen M, Gonzalez S, Vasilakos A, Cao H, Leung VC (2011) Body area networks: a survey. ACM/Springer MONET 16:171–193Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Chun B-G, Ihm S, Maniatis P, Naik M, Patti A (2011) CloneCloud: elastic execution between mobile device and cloud. In: ACM EuroSys ’11, pp 301–314Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Subashini S, Kavitha V (2011) A survey on security issues in service delivery models of cloud computing. J Netw Comput App 34(1):1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bilogrevic I, Jadliwala M, Kumar P, Walia SS, Hubaux J-P, Aad I, Niemi V (2011) Meetings through the cloud: privacy-preserving scheduling on mobile devices. J Syst Softw 84(11):1910–1927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ngoc MD, Cheng-Hsin H, Singh JP, Venkatasubramanian N (2011) Massive live video distribution using hybrid cellular and Ad Hoc networks. In: IEEE WoWMoMGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Berking P, Archibald T, Haag J, Birtwhistle M (2012) Mobile learning: not just another delivery method. In: The interservice/industry training, simulation and education conference (I/ITSEC)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Papakos P, Capra L, Rosenblum DS (2010) VOLARE: context-aware adaptive cloud service discovery for mobile systems. In: Proceedings of the 9th international workshop on adaptive and reflective middleware (ARM)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mohapatra S, Rahimi MR, Venkatasubranian N (2011) Power-aware middleware for mobile applications. In: Chapter 10 of the handbook of energy-aware and green computing, ISBN: 978-1-4398-5040-4, Chapman and Hall/CRCGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Dinh HT, Lee C, Niyato D, Wang P (2011) A survey of mobile cloud computing: architecture, applications, and approaches. In: Wireless communications and mobile computingGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ferzli R, Khalife I (2011) Mobile cloud computing educational tool for image/video processing algorithms. In: Digital signal processing workshop and IEEE signal processing education workshop (DSP/SPE)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Estrin D, Sim I (2010) Open mHealth architecture: an engine for health care innovation. Sci Mag, AAAS 330(6005):759– 760Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Satyanarayanan M (2011) Mobile computing: the next decade. SIGMOBILE Mob Comput Commun Rev 15:2–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Gao H, Zhai Y (2010) System design of cloud computing based on mobile learning. In: Knowledge acquisition and modeling (KAM), pp 239–242Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Yang X, Pan T, Shen J (2010) On 3G mobile E-commerce platform based on cloud computing. In: Ubi-media computing (U-Media), pp 198–201Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Hoang DB, Chen L (2010) Mobile cloud for assistive healthcare (MoCAsH). In: IEEE APSCC’10, pp 325–332Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Cuervo E, Balasubramanian A, Cho D, Wolman A, Saroiu S, Chandra R, Bahl P (2010) MAUI: making smartphones last longer with code offload. In: ACM MobiSys’10, pp 49–62Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Huang D, Zhang X, Kang M, Luo J (2010) MobiCloud: building secure cloud framework for mobile computing and communication. In: IEEE SOSE’10, pp 27–34Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Kristensen MD (2010) Scavenger: transparent development of efficient cyber foraging applications. In: IEEE PerCom’10, pp 217–226Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Kumar K, Lu Y-H (2010) Cloud computing for mobile users: can offloading computation save energy?IEEE Comput 43(4):51–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Nimmagadda Y, Kumar K, Lu Y-H, Lee CSG (2010) Real-time moving object recognition and tracking using computation offloading. In: IEEE/RSJ intelligent robots and systems (IROS’10), pp 2449–2455Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Itani W, Kayssi A, Chehab A (2010) Energy-efficient incremental integrity for securing storage in mobile cloud computing. In: IEEE ICEAC’10, pp 1–2Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Liang H, Huang D, Cai LX, Shen X, Peng D (2011) Resource allocation for security services in mobile cloud computing. In: IEEE INFOCOM’11 workshops on M2MCN’11, pp 191–195Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Yang X, Pan T, Shen J (2010) On 3G mobile e-commerce platform based on cloud computing. In: IEEE U-Media (2010)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Zhao W, Sun Y, Dai L (2010) Improving computer basis teaching through mobile communication and cloud computing technology. In: Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on advanced computer theory and engineering (ICACTE’10)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    ABI (2009) Mobile cloud computing subscribers to total nearly one billion by 2014, Tech. Rep., ABI ResearchGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Marinelli E (2009) Hyrax: cloud computing on mobile devices using MapReduce. Master thesis, Carnegie Mellon UniversityGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Satyanarayanan M, Bahl P, Caceres R, Davies N (2009) The case for VM-based cloudlets in mobile computing. IEEE Pervasive Comput 8(4):14–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Khan AH, Qadeer MA, Ansari JA, Waheed S (2009) 4G as a next generation wireless network. In: IEEE international conference on future computer and communication, ICFCCGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Giurgiu I, Riva O, Juric D, Krivulev I, Alonso G (2009) Calling the cloud: enabling mobile phones as interfaces to cloud applications. In: Proceedings of the ACM/IFIP/USENIX 10th international conference on Middleware, Middleware 2009Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Dean J, Ghemawat S (2008) MapReduce: simplified data processing on large clusters. Commun ACM 51:107–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Yang K, Ou S, Chen H-H (2008) On effective offloading services for resource-constrained mobile devices running heavier mobile Internet applications. IEEE Comm Mag 46:56–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Huerta-Canepa G, Lee D (2008) An adaptable application offloading scheme based on application behavior. In: IEEE AINAW’08 workshop, pp 387–392Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Yiu ML, Jensen CS, Huang X, Lu H (2008) SpaceTwist: managing the trade-offs among location privacy, query performance, and query accuracy in mobile services. In: IEEE ICDE’08, pp 366–375Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Xian C, Lu Y-H, Li Z (2007) Adaptive computation offloading for energy conservation on battery-powered systems. In: Parallel and distance systems ’07, vol 2, pp 1–8Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Mohapatra S, Dutt N, Nicolau A, Venkatasubramanian N (2007) DYNAMO: a cross-layer framework for end-to-end QoS and energy optimization in mobile handheld devices. In: IEEE journal on selected areas in communicationsGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Katti S, Rahul H, Hu W, Katabi D, Médard M, Crowcroft J (2006) XORs in the air: practical wireless network coding. In: ACM SIGCOMMGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Meingast M, Roosta T, Sastry S (2006) Security and privacy issues with health care information technology. In: IEEE EMBSGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Balan R, Satyanarayanan M, Park S, Okoshi T (2003) Tactics-based remote execution for mobile computing. In: MobiSysGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Flinn J, Park S, Satyanarayanan M(2002) Balancing performance, energy, and quality in pervasive computing. In: IEEE international conference on distributed computing systems, ICDCSGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Osborne MJ, Rubinstein A (1994) A course in game theory. MIT PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Reza Rahimi
    • 1
  • Jian Ren
    • 2
  • Chi Harold Liu
    • 2
  • Athanasios V. Vasilakos
    • 3
  • Nalini Venkatasubramanian
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaIrvineUSA
  2. 2.Beijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.National Technical University of AthensAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations