Mobile Networks and Applications

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 461–474

Lessons Learned from an Extensive Spectrum Occupancy Measurement Campaign and a Stochastic Duty Cycle Model


DOI: 10.1007/s11036-009-0199-9

Cite this article as:
Wellens, M. & Mähönen, P. Mobile Netw Appl (2010) 15: 461. doi:10.1007/s11036-009-0199-9


Several measurement campaigns have shown that numerous spectrum bands are vacant although licenses have been issued by the regulatory agencies. Dynamic spectrum access (DSA) has been proposed in order to alleviate this problem and increase the spectral utilization. In this paper we present our spectrum measurement setup and discuss lessons learned during our measurement activities. We compare measurement results gathered at three locations and show differences in the background noise processes. Additionally, we introduce a new model for the duty cycle distribution that has multiple applications in the DSA research. We point out that fully loaded and completely vacant channels should be modelled explicitly and discuss the impact of duty cycle correlation in the frequency domain. Finally, we evaluate the efficiency of an adaptive spectrum sensing process as an example for applications of the introduced model.


wireless communication dynamic spectrum access spectrum measurements spectrum modelling duty cycle modelling 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Wireless NetworksRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany

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