Mobile Networks and Applications

, Volume 13, Issue 3–4, pp 246–258 | Cite as

A Link Adaptive Transport Protocol for Multimedia Streaming Applications in Multi Hop Wireless Networks

  • Pirabakaran Navaratnam
  • Haitham Cruickshank
  • Rahim Tafazolli
Article

Abstract

Transport layer performance in multi hop wireless networks has been greatly challenged by the intrinsic characteristics of these networks. In particular, the nature of congestion, which is mainly due to medium contention in multi hop wireless networks, challenges the performance of traditional transport protocols in such networks. In this paper, we first study the impact of medium contention on transport layer performance and then propose a new transport protocol for improving quality of service performance in multi hop wireless networks. Our proposed protocol, Link Adaptive Transport Protocol provides a systemic way of controlling transport layer offered load for multimedia streaming applications, based on the degree of medium contention information received from the network. Simulation results show that the proposed protocol provides an efficient scheme to improve quality of service performance metrics, such as end-to-end delay, jitter, packet loss rate, throughput smoothness and fairness for media streaming applications. In addition, our scheme requires few overhead and does not maintain any per-flow state table at intermediate nodes. This makes it less complex and more cost effective.

Keywords

multi hop wireless networks medium contention transport protocols multimedia streaming rate control TFRC 

References

  1. 1.
    Holland G, Vaidya NH (1999) Analysis of TCP performance over mobile ad hoc networks.Proc. ACM Mobile Communications Conf., Seattle, WA, August 1999219–230Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Liu J, Singh S (2001) ATCP: TCP for mobile ad hoc networks. IEEE J Sel Areas Commun 19(7):1300–1315 JulCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fu Z, Meng X, Lu S (2003) A transport protocol for supporting multimedia streaming in mobile ad hoc networks. IEEE J Sel Areas Commun 21(10):1615–1626 DecCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fu Z, Luo H, Zerfos P, Lu S, Zhang L, Gerla M (2005) The impact of multihop wireless channel on TCP performance. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing 4(2):209–221 Mar/AprCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nahm K, Helmy A, Jay Kuo C-C (2005) TCP over multihop 802.11 networks: issues and performance enhancement.Proc. ACM MobiHoc’05, Urbana-Champaign, May 2005Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chen K, Xue Y, Nahrstedt K (2003) On setting TCP’s congestion window limit in mobile ad hoc networks.Proc. IEEE ICC 2003, Seattle, May 2003Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xu K, Gerala M, Qi L, Shu Y (2003) Enhancing TCP fairness in ad hoc wireless networks using neighbourhood RED.Proc. ACM MobiCom’03, San Diego, September 2003Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhai H, Chen X, Fang Y (2005) How well can the IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN support quality of service. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun 4(6):3084–3094 NovCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li M, Lee CS, Agu E, Claypool M, Kinicki R (2004) Performance enhancement of TFRC in wireless ad hoc networks.Proc. DMS’2004, San Francisco, September 2004Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Handley M, Floyd S, Padhye J, Widmer J (2003) TCP friendly rate control (TFRC): Protocol specification, IETF RFC3448, JanGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhai H, Chen X, Fang Y (2005) Rate-based transport control for mobile ad hoc networks.Proc. WCNC2005, New Orleans, March 2005Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang K, Yang F, Zhang Q, Xu Y (2007) Modeling path capacity in multi-hop IEEE 802.11 networks for QoS servces. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun 6(2):738–749 FebCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chen K, Nahrstedt K, Vaidya N (2004) The utility of explicit rate-based flow control in mobile ad hoc networks.Proc. WCNC2004, Atlanta, March 2004Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sundaresan K, Anantharaman V, Hsieh HY, Sivakumar R (2005) ATP: A reliable transport protocol for ad hoc networks. IEEE Trans Mob Comput 4(6):588–603 Nov/DecCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ng PC, Liw SC (2007) Throughput analysis of IEEE802.11 multi-hop ad hoc networks. IEEE Trans Netw 15(2):309–322 AprCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shah SH, Chen K, Nahrstedt K (2003) Dynamic bandwidth management for single hop ad hoc wireless networks.Proc. IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, Fort Worth, March 2003Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Perkins C, Royer E, Das S (2003) Ad hoc on demand distance vector (AODV) routing, IETF RFC 3561Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jain R, Chiu D-M, Hawe W (1984) A quantitative measure of fairness and discrimination for resource allocation in shared computer systems. In Technical Report TR-301, DEC Research Report, SeptGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pirabakaran Navaratnam
    • 1
  • Haitham Cruickshank
    • 1
  • Rahim Tafazolli
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Communication Systems ResearchUniversity of SurreyGuildfordUK

Personalised recommendations