Mobile Networks and Applications

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 275–287

Wireless LANs: From WarChalking to Open Access Networks

  • Roberto Battiti
  • Renato Lo Cigno
  • Mikalai Sabel
  • Fredrik Orava
  • Björn Pehrson


This work discusses the evolution of W-LANs from their current status of wireless termination of LAN services to a possible global infrastructure where the access networks become open to multiple operators and a vehicle of a win-win scenario, where both users and operators benefit from the new network architecture. The idea of Open Access Networks (OANs) can go beyond wireless HotSpots and be generalized to a generic shared access infrastructure that fosters service operators competition and drastically reduces the cost of last mile coverage.

The general concept of Open Access Networks is detailed, highlighting its difference with the more traditional model of vertical integration of the access network into the global service. About the OANs development, it is shown how to support the quick and smooth evolution of the infrastructure toward a widespread and reliable communication support.

Business models are discussed by mentioning the different actors, the market organization and the different organization forms.

The final part of the paper is devoted to technical challenges such as access control, security, privacy, roaming, resource exploitation and service differentiation. As an example of how to tackle these problems, we discuss a pricing technique devoted to resource management and billing support.

In addition we present a simulation on how the OAN concept can speed-up the deployment of broadband access in a real case.


Open Access Networks wireless LANs telecommunications architecture business models user-operator interaction resource sharing 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A list of Wireless Community networks (visited July 31, 2003),
  2. 2.
    M. Altmann, H. Daanen, H. Oliver and A.S.-B. Suarez, How to market-manage a QoS network, in: Proceedings of Twenty-First Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies. vol.1 (2002).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Battiti, M. Brunato, R. Lo Cigno, A. Villani, R. Flor and G. Lazzari, WILMA: An open lab for 802.11 hotspots, in: Proc. of Personal Wireless Communication—PWC2003, Venezia, Italy, Sept. 23–25 (2003).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Brunato and R. Battiti, PILGRIM: A location broker and mobility-aware recommendation system, in: Proc. of IEEE PerCom 2003, First IEEE Annual Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, Fort Worth, TX, USA (Mar. 2003).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Battiti, M. Conti, E. Gregori and M. Sabel, Price-based congestion-control in Wi-Fi hot spots, in: Proc. WiOpt’03, INRIA Sophia-Antipolis, France, Mar. 3–5 (2003).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. Courcoubetis and R. Weber, Pricing Communication Networks, Economics, Technology and Modelling (Wiley, 2003).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Crowcroft, R. Gibbens and S. Hailes, BOURSE-broadband organisation of unregulated radio systems through economics,
  8. 8.
    A. Escudero, B. Pehrson, E. Pelletta, J.O. Vatn and P. Wiatr, Wireless access in the Flyinglinux.NET infrastructure: Mobile IPv4 integration in a IEEE 802.11b, in: 11-th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, Boulder, CO, USA (Mar. 2001).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. Flickenger, Building Wireless Community Networks, 2nd edition (O’Reilly & Associates, 2003) ISBN: 0-596-00502-4.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Hedenfalk, Access control in an operator neutral public access network, MSc thesis, KTH/IMIT, Stockholm (May 2002).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. Kordas, E. Frankenberg, S. Grozev, B. Liu, N. Zhou and B. Pehrson, Who should own, operate and maintain an operator neutral access network?, in: 12-th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, Stockholm, SE, Aug. 11–14 (2002).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R.F. Liao, R.H. Wouhaybi and A.T. Campbell, Incentive engineering in wireless LAN based access networks in: Proc. of 10th International Conference on Network Protocols (ICNP 2002), Paris, France (Nov. 2002).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. Liberal, O. Lundström, T. Rautiainen, P. Samlin and M. Setterberg,, Technical Report from a Communication Systems Design course project, KTH/IMIT (May 2003).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    B. Pehrson, Open communication, in: 2-nd ASEM Conference (IKED, Malmö, SE Mar. 2003).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    B. Pehrson, K. Lundgren and L. Ramfelt, operator neutral access networks, in: 12-th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (Stockholm, SE Aug., 2002).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. Pelletta, F. Lilieblad, M. Hedenfalk and B. Pehrson, The design and implementation of an Operator Neutral Open Wireless Access Network at the Kista IT-University, in: 12-th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (Stockholm, SE, Aug., 2002).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Port-Based Network Access Control, IEEE Standard 802.1x, IEEE (2001).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
    A. Stubblefield, J. Ioannidis and A.D. Rubin, Using the Fluhrer, Mantin, and Shamir attack to break WEP, in: Proc. of 9-th Network and Distributed System Security Symposium (NDSS) (San Diego, CA, USA, Feb., 2002).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    SwedenOpen.Net, Stockholm, SE,
  21. 21.
    The NoCatNet,
  22. 22.
    The Wilma Project,
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
    S.J. Vaughan-Nichols, The challenge of Wi-Fi Roaming, ACM Computer (July 2003).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks, IEEE Standard 802.1q, IEEE (1998).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Battiti
    • 1
  • Renato Lo Cigno
    • 1
  • Mikalai Sabel
    • 1
  • Fredrik Orava
    • 2
  • Björn Pehrson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Informatics and TelecommunicationsUniversità di TrentoTrentoItaly
  2. 2.Department for Microelectronics and Information TechnologyKistaSweden

Personalised recommendations