Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 1459–1470 | Cite as

The dynamic responses of plant physiology and metabolism during environmental stress progression

  • Amit Kumar Singh
  • Shanmuhapreya Dhanapal
  • Brijesh Singh YadavEmail author


At adverse environmental conditions, plants produce various kinds of primary and secondary metabolites to protect themselves. Both primary and secondary metabolites play a significant role during the heat, drought, salinity, genotoxic and cold conditions. A multigene response is activated during the progression of these stresses in the plants which stimulate changes in various signaling molecules, amino acids, proteins, primary and secondary metabolites. Plant metabolism is perturbed because of either the inhibition of metabolic enzymes, shortage of substrates, excess demand for specific compounds or a combination of these factors. In this review, we aim to present how plants synthesize different kinds of natural products during the perception of various abiotic stresses. We also discuss how time-scale variable stresses influence secondary metabolite profiles, could be used as a stress marker in plants. This article has the potential to get the attention of researchers working in the area of quantitative trait locus mapping using metabolites as well as metabolomics genome-wide association.


Environmental stress Secondary metabolites Signaling pathways Transcription factors Networks 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of PlantsTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.Department of BioengineeringUniversity of Information Science and Technology (UIST) St. Paul the ApostleOhridRepublic of North Macedonia

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