Correlation between the epigenetic modification of histone H3K9 acetylation of NR2B gene promoter in rat hippocampus and ethanol withdrawal syndrome
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Patients with alcohol use disorder may develop acute ethanol withdrawal syndrome (EWS). Previous studies showed that an epigenetic modification of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, especially NMDA receptor 2B subunit (NR2B), was involved in the pathological process of EWS. However, the relationship between the epigenetic regulation of the NR2B gene in the rat hippocampus region and EWS were inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of the histone H3K9 acetylation of the NR2B gene in the rat hippocampus region in EWS. A rat model of chronic ethanol exposure was established. EWS score and the behavioral changes were recorded at different time points. The NR2B expression levels and the histone H3K9 acetylation level in the NR2B gene promoter region were measured using qRT-PCR, Western blot, immunofluorescence, and chromatin immunoprecipitation, respectively. Finally, the relationship between the epigenetic modification of histone H3K9 acetylation of NR2B gene promoter and EWS were examined. Our ultimate results showed that the EWS score was increased at 2 h, peaked at 6 h after withdrawal of ethanol, and reduced to the level parallel to the normal control group at day 3 after ethanol withdrawal. The NR2B mRNA expression and protein levels showed similar patterns. Further correlation analyses indicted that both histone H3K9 acetylation in NR2B gene promoter and the expression levels of NR2B were positively associated with EWS. Our results suggest that chronic ethanol exposure may result in epigenetic modification of histone H3K9 acetylation in NR2B gene promoter in rat hippocampus, and the expression levels of NR2B were found to be positively correlated with ethanol withdrawal syndrome.
KeywordsChronic ethanol exposure Ethanol withdrawal syndrome Epigenetic modification N-Methyl-d-aspartate receptor N-Methyl-d-aspartate receptor 2B subunit (NR2B)
Ethanol withdrawal syndrome
N-Methyl-d-aspartate receptor 2 B
Quantitative real-time PCR
Chronic intermittent ethanol
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81471351), Open Program of Henan Key Laboratory of Biological Psychiatry (No. ZDSYS2016007) and the Programs for Science and Technology Development of Henan (No. 172102310499).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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