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Exposure to bisphenol A: current levels from food intake are toxic to human cells

  • Karla L. Hernández-Hernández
  • Natalia Tapia-Orozco
  • Miquel Gimeno
  • Ana María Espinosa-García
  • José Antonio García-García
  • Daniela Araiza-Olivera
  • Francisco Sánchez-Bartez
  • Isabel Gracia-Mora
  • Manuel Gutierrez-Aguilar
  • Roeb García-ArrazolaEmail author
Short Communication
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

In the present work, cell lines of different origin were exposed to BPA levels from food intake reported elsewhere. Specifically, we used an in vitro assay to determine cytotoxicity of BPA in three cell lines: MCF7 (breast cancer), PC3 (prostate cancer) and 3T3-L1 (mouse fibroblast). Cytotoxic effects were observed at concentrations higher than 50 μg/mL which is above the involuntary exposure level of BPA described before in fresh, canned and frozen foods and beverages. Furthermore, medial inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of 85.17 μg/mL and 88.48 μg/mL were observed for PC3 and 3T3-L1, respectively, and a slightly lower IC50 of 64.67 μg/mL for MCF7. These results highlight BPA’s toxicity potential at current levels from food intake. The cell line-dependent divergent response to BPA reported herein is discussed.

Keywords

Cytotoxicity Bisphenol A Food 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank DGAPA PAPIIT for funding project TA200319.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karla L. Hernández-Hernández
    • 1
  • Natalia Tapia-Orozco
    • 1
  • Miquel Gimeno
    • 1
  • Ana María Espinosa-García
    • 2
  • José Antonio García-García
    • 2
  • Daniela Araiza-Olivera
    • 3
  • Francisco Sánchez-Bartez
    • 4
  • Isabel Gracia-Mora
    • 4
  • Manuel Gutierrez-Aguilar
    • 5
  • Roeb García-Arrazola
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Departamento de Alimentos y Biotecnologia, Facultad de QuimicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MexicoCoyoacanMexico
  2. 2.Hospital General de MéxicoMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.Departamento de Quimica de BiomacromoleculasInstituto de Quimica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de MexicoMexico CityMexico
  4. 4.Departamento de Química Inorgánica y Nuclear, Facultad de QuímicaUNAMCiudad de MexicoMexico
  5. 5.Departamento de Bioquimica, Facultad de QuimicaUniversidad Nacional Autonoma de MexicoMexico CityMexico

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