Advertisement

Improving oxidative damage, photosynthesis traits, growth and flower dropping of pepper under high temperature stress by selenium

  • Maryam HaghighiEmail author
  • Mohammad Reza Ramezani
  • Nafiseh Rajaii
Original Article
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

Pepper is mostly produced in greenhouses and fields in spring up to the end of summer. The reproductive stage coincides with high temperature of summer, which causes flowers to drop, leading to reduction in the yield, Se as a beneficial element can improved some stress indices. Control randomized design experiment was conducted to investigate the effect(s) of Se on heat stresses of pepper in control environment. Se in three concentrations of SeCl2 (4 (Se1), 6 (Se2) and 8 (Se3) mg L−1) was used at 35 ± 2 °C for 4 h a day, matching the high afternoon temperature. Growth, photosynthesis traits (Photosynthesis rate, transpiration and stomatal conductance), flower dropping and antioxidant changes were all measured. Results showed that Se1 decreased deleterious effects of heat stresses on vegetative traits (fresh and dry weight of fruit). Including dry weight of shoot, fresh and dry weight of root, and reproductive growth, such as Fresh weight and dry weight of fruit, flowers and fruit number. Photosynthesis rate, fruit antioxidant and phenol improved with the application of Se to heat stresses. POD and SOD activity increased, and MDA content decreased with Se application at the high temperature. Se also improved the P and S uptake. Generally, using 4 and 6 mg L−1 of Se could improve growth and physiological and phytochemical parameters of pepper and decrease the flower dropping at high temperature.

Keywords

Antioxidant Heat stress Pepper Photosynthesis Selenium 

Abbreviations

POD

Peroxidase

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

MDA

Malondialdehyde

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

CAT

Catalase

Se

Selenium

XRF

X-ray fluorescence

Notes

Acknowledgements

Each named author has substantially contributed to conducting the underlying research and drafting this manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Additionally, to the best of our knowledge, the named authors have no conflict of interest, financial or otherwise.

References

  1. 1.
    Hartikainen H (2005) Biogeochemistry of selenium and its impact on food chain quality and human health. J Trace Elem Med Biol 18:309–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pilon-Smits EA, Quinn CF, Tapken W, Malagoli M, Schiavon M (2009) Physiological functions of beneficial elements. Curr Opin Plant Biol 12(3):267–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sors TG, Ellis DR, Na GN, Lahner B, Lee S, Leustek T, Pickering IJ, Salt DE (2005) Analysis of sulfurand selenium assimilation in Astragalus plants with varying capacities to accumulate selenium. Plant J 42:785–797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bodnar M, Konieczka P, Namiesnik J (2012) The properties, functions, and use of selenium compounds in living organisms. J Environ Sci Health Part C 30:225–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wu Z, Banuelos GS, Lin ZQ, Liu Y, Yuan L, Yin X, Li M (2015) Biofortification and phytoremediation of selenium in China. Front Plant Sci 6:136PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Djanaguiraman M, Prasad PV, Seppanen M (2010) Selenium protects sorghum leaves from oxidative damage under high temperature stress by enhancing antioxidant defense system. Plant Physiol Biochem 48:999–1007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wang YD, Wang X, Wong YS (2012) Proteomics analysis reveals multiple regulatory mechanisms in response to selenium in rice. J Proteomics 75:1849–1866CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Whanger PD (2004) Selenium and its relationship to cancer: an update. Br J Nutr 91:11–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zayed A, Lytle CM, Terry N (1998) Accumulation and volatilization of different chemical species of selenium by plants. Planta 206:284–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Germ M, Kreft I, Osvald J (2005) Influence of UV-B exclusion and selenium treatment on photochemical efficiency of photosystem II, yield and respiratory potential in pumpkins (Cucurbita pepo L.). Plant physiol Biochem 43(5):445–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Turakainen M, Hartikainen H, Ekholm P, Seppänen MM (2006) Distribution of selenium in different biochemical fractions and raw darkening degree of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tuber supplemented with selenate. J Agric Food Chem 54:8617–8622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Balal RM, Shahid MA, Javaid MM, Iqbal Z, Anjum MA, Garcia-Sanchez F, Mattson NS (2016) The role of selenium in amelioration of heat-induced oxidative damage in cucumber under high temperature stress. Acta Physiol Plant 38(6):158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yao X, Chu J, Wang G (2009) Effects of selenium on wheat seedlings under drought stress. Biol Trace Elem Res 130:283–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xue TL, Hartikainen H, Piironen V (2001) Antioxidative and growth-promoting effect of selenium on senescing lettuce. Plant Soil 237:55–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gupta M, Gupta S (2017) An overview of selenium uptake, metabolism, and toxicity in plants. Front Plant Sci 7:2074–2085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Puccinelli M, Malorgio F, Pezzarossa B (2017) Selenium enrichment of horticultural crops. Molecules 22:933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Feng R, Wei C, Tu S (2013) The roles of selenium in protecting plants against abiotic stresses. Environ Exp Bot 87:58–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pennanen A, Tailin XUE, Hartikainen H (2002) Protective role of selenium in plant subjected to severe UV irradiation stress. J Appl Bot 76:66–76Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thuy TL, Kenji M (2015) Effect of high temperature on fruit productivity and seed-set of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in the field condition. J Agric Sci Technol 515:516–521Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Javanmardi J, Rahemi M, Nasirzadeh M (2014) Responses of tomato and pepper transplants to high-temperature conditioning. Int J Veg Sci 20(4):374–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Haghighi M, Heidarian S, Teixeira da Silva Jaime A (2012) The effect of titanium amendment in N-withholding nutrient solution on physiological and photosynthesis attributes and micronutrient uptake of tomato. Biol Trace Elem Res 150:381–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Haghighi M, Sheibanirad A, Pessarakli M (2016) Effects of selenium as a beneficial element on growth and photosynthetic attributes of greenhouse cucumber. J Plant Nutr 39(10):1493–1498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yang H, Wu F, Cheng J (2011) Reduced chilling injury in cucumber by nitric oxide and the antioxidant response. Food chem 127(3):1237–1242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ghasemnezhad M, Sherafati M, Payvast GA (2011) Variation in phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid and antioxidant activity of five coloured bell pepper (Capsicum annum L.) fruits at two different harvest times. J Funct foods 3(1):44–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Marin A, Rubio JS, Martinez V, Gil MI (2009) Antioxidant compounds in green and red peppers as affected by irrigation frequency, salinity and nutrient solution composition. J Sci Food Agric 89(8):1352–1359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Haghighi M, Abolghasemi R, Teixeira da Silva JA (2014) Low and high temperature stress affect the growth characteristics of tomato in hydroponic culture with Se and nano-se amendment. Sci Hortic 178:231–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Siwek P, Libik A, Zawiska I (2012) The effect of biodegradable nonwovens in butter head lettuce cultivation for early harvest. Folia Hort 24(2):161–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kahkonen MP, Hopia AI, Vuorela HJ, Rauha JP, Pihlaja K, Kujala TS (1999) Antioxidant activity of plant extracts containing phenolic compounds. J Agric Food Chem 47(10):3954–3962CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Yu L, Haley S, Perret J, Harris M, Wison J, Qian M (2002) Free radical scavenging properties of wheat extracts. J Agric Food Chem 50:1619–1624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Agarwal S (2007) Increased antioxidant activity in Cassia seedlings under UV-B radiation. Biol Plant 51(1):157–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Demiral T, Turkan I (2005) Comparative lipid peroxidation, antioxidant defense systems and proline content in roots of two rice cultivars differing in salt tolerance. Environ Exp Bot 53(3):247–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Haghighi M, Nikhbakht A, Ping Xia Y, Pessarakli M (2014) Influence of humic acid in diluted nutrient solution on growth nutrient efficiency and postharvest attributes of gerbera. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 45(2):177–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Samantary S (2002) Biochemical responses of Cr-tolerant and Cr-sensitive mung bean cultivars grown on varying levels of chromium. Chemosphere 47:1065–1072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Haghighi M, Kafi M, Pessarakli M, Sheibanirad A, Sharifinia MR (2016) Using kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) as a phyto remediation plant species for lead (pb) and cadmium (cd) removal in saline soils. J Plant Nutr 10(39):1460–1471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Dhindsa RS, Plumb-Dhindsa P, Thorpe TA (1981) Leaf senescence: correlated with increased levels of membrane permeability and lipid peroxidation, and decreased levels of superoxide dismutase and catalase. J Exp Bot 32:93–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Haghighi M, Fang P, Pessarakli M (2015) Effects of ammonium nitrate and monosodium glutamate in waste water on the growth, antioxidant activity, and nitrogen assimilation of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). J Plant Nutr 38:2217–2229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Estan MT, Martinez-Rodriguez MM, Perez-Alfocea F, Flowers TJ, Bolarin MC (2004) Grafting raises the salt tolerance of tomato through limiting the transport of sodium and chloride to the shoot. J Exp Bot 56(412):703–712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Mittal V, Singh O, Nayyar H, Kaur J, Tewari R (2008) Stimulatory effect of phosphate-solubilizing fungal strains (Aspergillus awamori and Penicillium citrinum) on the yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L. cv. GPF2). Soil Biol Biochem 40(3):718–727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Govindaraj M, Selvi B, Rajarathinam S, Sumathi P (2011) Genetic variability and heritability of grain yield components and grain mineral concentration in India’s pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L) R. Br.) accessions. Afr J Food Agric Nutr Dev 11(3):4758e4771Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Diao M, Ma L, Wang J, Cui J, Fu A, Liu HY (2014) Selenium promotes the growth and photosynthesis of tomato seedlings under salt stress by enhancing chloroplast antioxidant defense system. J Plant Growth Regul 33(3):671–682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Savicka M, Skute N (2010) Effects of high temperature on malondialdehyde content, superoxide production and growth changes in wheat seedlings (Triticum aestivum L.). Ekologija 56(1):26–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Nowak J, kaklewski K, Ligocki M (2004) Influence of selenium on oxidoreductive enzymes activity in soil and in plants. Soil Biol Biochem 36:1553–1558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Rios JJ, Rosales MA, Blasco B, Cervilla LM, Romero L, Ruiz JM (2008) Biofortification of Se and induction of the antioxidant capacity in lettuce plants. Sci Hortic 116:248–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Cartes P, Gianfreda L, Mora ML (2005) Uptake of selenium and its antioxidant activity in ryegrass when applied as selenate and selenite forms. Plant Soil 276:359–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Fontes PCR, Silva DJH (2005) Cultura do tomate. In: Fontes PCR (ed) Olericultura teoria e pratica. Suprema, Vicosa, pp 457–476Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Renkema H, Koopmans A, Kersbergen L, Kikkert J, Hale B, Berkelaar E (2012) The effect of transpiration on selenium uptake and mobility in durum wheat and spring canola. Plant Soil 354:239–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Li HF, McGrath SP, Zhao FJ (2008) Selenium uptake, translocation and speciation in wheat supplied with selenate or selenite. New Phytol 178:92–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Kikkert J, Berkelaar E (2013) Plant uptake and translocation of in organic and organic forms of selenium. Arch Environ ContamToxicol 65:458–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Feist LJ, Parker DR (2001) Ecotypic variation in selenium accumulation among populations of Stanleya pinnata. New Phytol 149:61–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Zhang Y, Pan G, Chen J, Hu Q (2003) Uptake and transport of selenite and selenate by soybean seedlings of two genotypes. Plant Soil 253:437–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    White PJ, Bowen HC, Parmaguru P, Fritz M, Spracklen WP (2004) Interactions between selenium and sulphur nutrition in Arabidopsis thaliana. J Exp Bot 55:1927–1937CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, College of AgricultureIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran

Personalised recommendations