Complete mitochondrial genome of northern Indian red muntjac (Muntiacus vaginalis) and its phylogenetic analysis

  • Bhim Singh
  • Ajit Kumar
  • Virendra Prasad Uniyal
  • Sandeep Kumar Gupta
Short Communication


We report complete mitochondrial genome of Northern Indian red muntjac, Muntiacus vaginalis, and its phylogenetic inferences. Mitogenome composition was 16,352 bp in length and its overall base composition in the circular genome was A = 33.2%, T = 29.0%, C = 24.50% and G = 13.30%. It exhibited a typical mitogenome structure, including 22 transfer RNA genes, 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA genes and a major non-coding control region (D-loop region). All the genes except ND6 and eight tRNA’s were encoded on the heavy strand. Phylogenetic analyses showed that M. vaginalis is closely related to M. muntjak and formed a sister relationship with Elaphodus cephalophus. In view of the unclear distribution range and escalating habitat loss, it is important to identify its population genetic status. The complete mitogenome described in this study can be used in further phylogenetics, identification of extant maternal lineage, evolutionary significance unit and its genetic conservation.


Northern Indian red muntjac (Muntiacus vaginalisComplete mitogenome Maternal lineage Phylogenetics 



This study was supported by the Grant-in-aid of WII. We acknowledge the support of Dr. V. B. Mathur, Director, WII; Dr. G. S. Rawat, Dean, WII; and Dr. Y. V. Jhala, NO, WFCGC, WII. We thank Forest Department and Officials of the Indian States for forwarding the samples.

Author contributions

The authors are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.


This study was funded by Wildlife Institute of India (Grant-in-aid).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11033_2018_4486_MOESM1_ESM.doc (182 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 182 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wildlife Institute of IndiaDehradunIndia

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