Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 1479–1490 | Cite as

Trends to store digital data in DNA: an overview

  • Fatima Akram
  • Ikram ul HaqEmail author
  • Haider Ali
  • Aiman Tahir Laghari


There has been an ascending growth in the capacity of information being generated. The increased production of data in turn has put forward other challenges as well thus, and there is the need to store this information and not only to store it but also to retain it for a prolonged time period. The reliance on DNA as a dense storage medium with high storage capacity and its ability to withstand extreme environmental conditions has increased over the past few years. There have been developments in reading and writing different forms of data on DNA, codes for encrypting data and using DNA as a way of secret writing leading towards new styles like stenography and cryptography. The article outlines different methods adopted for storing digital data on DNA with pros and cons of each method that has been applied plus the advantages and limitations of using DNA as a storage medium.


Alignment Cryptography Digital data Oligonucleotides Sequencing 



This work is carried out with the help of prestigious material of the libraries and special thanks to Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Government College University, Lahore.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


The authors assure the integrity and quality of our research work. It is also stated that there is no plagiarism in this work and all points taken from other authors are well cited in the text. This study is completely independent and impartial.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This article does not contain any studies conducted on human or animal subjects.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatima Akram
    • 1
  • Ikram ul Haq
    • 1
    Email author
  • Haider Ali
    • 1
  • Aiman Tahir Laghari
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Industrial BiotechnologyGC UniversityLahorePakistan

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