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Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 25–34 | Cite as

Transposition mechanism, molecular characterization and evolution of IS6110, the specific evolutionary marker of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex

  • Sarah ThabetEmail author
  • Nada Souissi
Review

Abstract

The mycobacterial insertion sequence IS6110 proved crucial in deciphering tuberculosis (TB) transmission dynamics. This sequence was also shown to play an important role in the pathogenicity (transmission ability and/or virulence) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the main causative agent of TB in humans. In this study, we explored the usefulness of IS6110 and its potential as a phylogenetic/typing marker. We also analyzed the genetic polymorphism and evolutionary trends (selective pressure) of its transposase-encoding open reading frames (ORFs), A and B, using the maximum likelihood method. Both ORFs evolved chronologically through random single nucleotide polymorphisms. They were subjected to strict purifying selection more tight on orfA, with no evidence of significant recombination events. OrfA proved to have a crucial role in regulating the transpositional process. Several analyses showed that IS6110 acquisition antedated the emergence of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. This original copy of IS6110 element was functionally optimal. In conclusion, this study not only demonstrated the usefulness of IS6110 in terms of phylogenetic and typing purposes and its transpositional mechanism, but also informed the scientific community on its evolutionary history.

Keywords

Mycobacterium tuberculosis IS6110 insertion sequence Transposition Evolutionary marker Polymorphism Selective pressure ORFs 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research received financial support from the Tunisian Ministry of Agriculture and Hydraulic Resources.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

We confirm that there are no conflicts of interest associated with this publication and there has been no significant financial support for this work that could have influenced its outcome.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bacteriology Laboratory, Veterinary Research Institute of TunisiaInstitute for Scientific Agricultural ResearchLa Rabta, TunisTunisia

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