Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 245–251 | Cite as

Effect of IGF1, GH, and PIT1 markers on the genetic parameters of growth and reproduction traits in Canchim cattle

  • Daniela do Amaral Grossi
  • Marcos Eli Buzanskas
  • Natalia Vinhal Grupioni
  • Claudia Cristina Paro de Paz
  • Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano
  • Maurício Mello de Alencar
  • Flávio Schramm Schenkel
  • Danísio Prado MunariEmail author


The availability of dense genomic information has increased genome-wide association studies for the bovine species; however research to assess the effect of single genes on production traits is still important to elucidate the genes functions. On this study the association of IGF1, GH, and PIT1 markers with growth and reproductive traits (birth weight, weaning weight, weight at 12 and 18 months of age, preweaning average daily weight gain, age and weight at first calving, and scrotal circumference at 12 and 18 months of age) were assessed by means of the variance component approach. The phenotypes were adjusted and then analyzed under two animal models, one which considered the polygenic and genotype (IGF1, GH or PIT1 markers) effects (Model 1), and the other which considers only the polygenic effect (Model 2). When the likelihood ratio test and the Bonferroni correction was applied at 5 % significance level, the genetic markers for the IGF1, GH, and PIT1 genes did not influence significantly the traits (p > 0.002). However, evidence of association of IGF1 with birth weight (p = 0.06) and GH with weight at first calving (p = 0.03) and with weight at 12 months of age (p = 0.08) was observed. In conclusion we could not confirm the associations between IGF1, GH, and PIT1 and growth traits that were previously reported in Canchim cattle, and no association was observed between these genes and reproductive traits. Future studies involving functional markers of IGF1, GH and PIT1 genes may help to clarify the role of these genes in growth and reproductive processes.


Association analysis Candidate genes Identity by descent matrix Quantitative trait loci 



We would like to thank FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) for the fellowship received by Grossi DA (06/60043-1) and Grupioni NV (08/09393-7). Buzanskas ME, Regitano LCA, Alencar MM, Munari DP, and Paz CCP were recipients of a CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico) fellowship. We also thank the Centre for Genetic Improvement of Livestock for scientific support, especially Dr. Mehdi Sargolzaei for assistance with the statistical analyses, and Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste (Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária) for providing data.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniela do Amaral Grossi
    • 1
  • Marcos Eli Buzanskas
    • 2
  • Natalia Vinhal Grupioni
    • 2
  • Claudia Cristina Paro de Paz
    • 3
    • 4
  • Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano
    • 5
  • Maurício Mello de Alencar
    • 5
  • Flávio Schramm Schenkel
    • 1
  • Danísio Prado Munari
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Genetic Improvement of Livestock, Department of Animal and Poultry ScienceUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciências ExatasUNESP - Univ Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e VeterináriasSPBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de ZootecniaCentro APTA de Bovinos de CorteSertãozinho, SPBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de Genética, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão PretoUniversidade de São PauloSPBrazil
  5. 5.Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa AgropecuáriaEMBRAPA Pecuária SudesteSão CarlosBrazil

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