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Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 599–611 | Cite as

Pathogenesis related-10 proteins are small, structurally similar but with diverse role in stress signaling

  • Parinita Agarwal
  • Pradeep K. Agarwal
Article

Abstract

Pathogenesis related-10 proteins are small proteins with cytosolic localization, conserved three dimensional structures and single intron at 185 bp position. These proteins have a broad spectrum of roles significantly in biotic and abiotic stresses. The RNase activity, ligand binding activity, posttranslational modification (phosphorylation) and phytohormone signaling provide some information into the mechanism of the regulation of PR-10 proteins, however the presence of isoforms makes it difficult to decipher its exact mode of function. The involvement of phosphorylation/dephosphorylation events in its activation is interesting and provides unique and unbiased insights into the complexity of its regulation. Studies on upstream region of different PR-10 genes indicate the presence of cis-acting elements for WRKY, RAVI, bZ1P, ERF, SEBF and Pti4 transcription factors indicating their role in regulating PR-10 promoter. In this review, we discuss in detail the structure and mechanism of regulation of PR-10 proteins.

Keywords

Abiotic Biotic Ligand binding Pathogenesis related proteins Phosphorylation Promoter RNase activity 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

ACC

1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid

CSBP

Cytokinin-specific binding protein

ET

Ethylene

ETI

Effector triggered immunity

HR

Hypersensitive response

HyH

Hypericin

IPR

Intracellular pathogenesis-related proteins

JA

Jasmonic acid

LTPs

Lipid transfer proteins

MeJA

Methyl jasmonate

NCS

(S)-Norcoclaurine synthases

NLS

Nuclear localization signal

PAMP

Pathogen associated molecular patterns

PR-10

Pathogenesis related-10 proteins

PTI

PAMP triggered immunity

PTM

Post translational modification

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SA

Salicylic acid

SAR

Systemic acquired resistance

SEBF

Silencer element binding factor

TF

Transcription factor

TLPs

Thaumatin-like proteins

TMV

Tobacco mosaic virus

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial assistance from CSIR is duly acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Discipline of Wasteland ResearchCSIR-Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research InstituteBhavnagarIndia

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