Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 447–457 | Cite as

Molecular phylogeny of elasmobranchs inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear markers

  • A. Pavan-Kumar
  • P. Gireesh-Babu
  • P. P. Suresh Babu
  • A. K. Jaiswar
  • V. Hari Krishna
  • K. Pani Prasasd
  • Aparna Chaudhari
  • S. G. Raje
  • S. K. Chakraborty
  • Gopal Krishna
  • W. S. Lakra
Article

Abstract

The elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates) being the extant survivors of one of the earliest offshoots of the vertebrate evolutionary tree are good model organisms to study the primitive vertebrate conditions. They play a significant role in maintaining the ecological balance and have high economic value. Due to over-exploitation and illegal fishing worldwide, the elasmobranch stocks are being decimated at an alarming rate. Appropriate management measures are necessary for restoring depleted elasmobranch stocks. One approach for restoring stocks is implementation of conservation measures and these measures can be formulated effectively by knowing the evolutionary relationship among the elasmobranchs. In this study, a total of 30 species were chosen for molecular phylogeny studies using mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, 12S ribosomal RNA gene and nuclear Internal Transcribed Spacer 2. Among different genes, the combined dataset of COI and 12S rRNA resulted in a well resolved tree topology with significant bootstrap/posterior probabilities values. The results supported the reciprocal monophyly of sharks and batoids. Within Galeomorphii, Heterodontiformes (bullhead sharks) formed as a sister group to Lamniformes (mackerel sharks): Orectolobiformes (carpet sharks) and to Carcharhiniformes (ground sharks). Within batoids, the Myliobatiformes formed a monophyly group while Pristiformes (sawfishes) and Rhinobatiformes (guitar fishes) formed a sister group to all other batoids.

Keywords

Molecular phylogeny Elasmobranchs Cytochrome c oxidase subunit I 12S rRNA ITS-2 

Supplementary material

11033_2013_2879_MOESM1_ESM.doc (404 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 405 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Pavan-Kumar
    • 1
  • P. Gireesh-Babu
    • 1
  • P. P. Suresh Babu
    • 1
  • A. K. Jaiswar
    • 1
  • V. Hari Krishna
    • 1
  • K. Pani Prasasd
    • 1
  • Aparna Chaudhari
    • 1
  • S. G. Raje
    • 1
  • S. K. Chakraborty
    • 1
  • Gopal Krishna
    • 1
  • W. S. Lakra
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Fish Genetics and BiotechnologyCentral Institute of Fisheries EducationMumbaiIndia

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