MicroRNAs control the genes involved in hematopoietic stem cell (HSCs) survival, proliferation and differentiation. The over-expression of miR-146 and miR-150 has been reported during differentiation of HSCs into T-lymphoid lineage. Therefore, in this study we evaluated the effect of their over-expression on CD133+ cells differentiation to T cells. miR-146a and miR-150 were separately and jointly transduced to human cord blood derived CD133+ cells (>97 % purity). We used qRT-PCR to assess the expression of CD2, CD3ε, CD4, CD8, CD25, T cell receptor alpha (TCR-α) and Ikaros genes in differentiated cells 4 and 8 days after transduction of the miRNAs. Following the over-expression of miR-146a, significant up-regulation of CD2, CD4, CD25 and Ikaros genes were observed (P < 0.01). On the other hand, over-expression of miR-150 caused an increase in the expression of Ikaros, CD4, CD25 and TCR-α. To evaluate the combinatorial effect of miR-146a and miR-150, transduction of both miRNAs was concurrently performed which led to increase in the expression of Ikaros, CD4 and CD3 genes. In conclusion, it seems that the effect of miR-150 and miR-146a on the promotion of T cell differentiation is time-dependant. Moreover, miRNAs could be used either as substitutes or complements of the conventional differentiation protocols for higher efficiency.
Human cord blood derived CD133+ cells Ikaros MicroRNA T cell TCR-α
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This study was supported by a Grant from Stem Cell Technology Research Center, Tehran, Iran. Also, we particularly thank Dr. Yousof Gheisari for his scientific assistance in manuscript writing and Fatemeh Kohram for language editing.
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