Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 2697–2704 | Cite as

Effect of metabolic syndrome risk factors and MMP-2 genetic variations on circulating MMP-2 levels in childhood obesity

  • Vanessa A. Belo
  • Marcelo R. Luizon
  • Patrícia C. Carneiro
  • Valéria A. Gomes
  • Riccardo Lacchini
  • Carla M. M. Lanna
  • Debora C. Souza-Costa
  • Jose E. Tanus-Santos
Article

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinase-2 is involved in the development of the adipose tissue, and associated with cardiovascular diseases. Metabolic risk factors (MRFs) and functional polymorphisms in the MMP-2 gene may affect its expression and activity. We investigated whether traditional MRFs and two MMP-2 gene polymorphisms (C−1306T; rs243865, and C−735T; rs2285053) affect circulating MMP-2 levels in children and adolescents, and whether MMP-2 polymorphisms and/or haplotype are associated with susceptibility to childhood obesity. We studied 114 healthy controls, 43 obese, and 83 obese with ≥3 MRFs children and adolescents. Genotypes were determined by Taqman allele discrimination assay and real-time PCR. Plasma MMP-2 was measured using zymography. We found positive correlations between MMP-2 concentrations and mean blood pressure in all children and adolescents group (r = 0.132; P < 0.05) and in obese children and adolescents (r = 0.247; P < 0.01). We found that the CC genotype for the C−1306T polymorphism was more common in subjects with higher MMP-2 concentrations in controls (P = 0.003) and in the obese group (P = 0.013). The CT genotype (OR = 0.40; P < 0.01) and the T allele (OR = 0.48; P < 0.01) for the C−735T polymorphism were less common in obese children and adolescents than in controls. The haplotypes distribution did not show significant differences between control and obese (P > 0.05). Ours findings show that blood pressure is associated with circulating MMP-2 concentrations, and that the CC genotype for the C−1306T polymorphism was more common subjects (controls and obese) with higher MMP-2 concentrations, whereas the CT genotype and the T allele for the C−735T polymorphism are less common in obesity.

Keywords

Matrix metalloproteinase-2 Hypertension Childhood obesity Polymorphisms 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanessa A. Belo
    • 1
  • Marcelo R. Luizon
    • 1
  • Patrícia C. Carneiro
    • 1
  • Valéria A. Gomes
    • 2
  • Riccardo Lacchini
    • 1
  • Carla M. M. Lanna
    • 3
  • Debora C. Souza-Costa
    • 4
  • Jose E. Tanus-Santos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao PretoUniversity of Sao PauloRibeirao PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medical SciencesState University of CampinasCampinasBrazil
  3. 3.Department of PhysiologyFederal University of Juiz de ForaJuiz de ForaBrazil
  4. 4.Department of BiologyFederal University of Juiz de ForaJuiz de ForaBrazil

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