Association of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, 3 and 9 genes polymorphism with prostate cancer risk in North Indian population
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Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer among men. It has been suggested that toll like receptors (TLRs) may contribute to PCa pathogenesis by stimulating prostate epithelial cell proliferation in response to infectious stimuli. We performed case control study to analyze the genetic variants of TLR2, 3 and 9 gene polymorphisms with PCa risk in a North Indian population. For this study we genotyped age matched, unrelated 195 PCa patients and 250 healthy controls of similar ethnicity in a case–control study. They were genotyped for TLR2 (−196 to −174 Del), TLR3 (c.1377C/T) [rs3775290] and TLR9 (G2848A) [rs352140] gene polymorphisms using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Variant allele Del (D) carriers i.e. (ID + DD) of TLR2 (−196 to −174 Del) SNP, demonstrated 1.57 fold increased risk (p = 0.040; OR = 1.57, 95% CI = 1.02–2.24) as compared to Ins (I) allele, suggesting a dominant effect model involved in the risk of this polymorphism in PCa. However, variants of TLR3 and 9 gene polymorphisms were not associated with PCa risk. Our results suggested the low penetrance variant of TLR2 (−196 to −174 Del) to be at increased PCa risk in North Indian population. Functional studies in ethnically diverse populations may provide a more comprehensive involvement of innate immunity in identifying the disease-associated variants for PCa etiology.
KeywordsToll-like receptors Polymorphism Prostate cancer