Clinical implications for BRCA gene mutation in breast cancer
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- Xu, J., Wang, B., Zhang, Y. et al. Mol Biol Rep (2012) 39: 3097. doi:10.1007/s11033-011-1073-y
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To investigate the mutations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 and determine whether clinic-pathological factors related to BRCA gene mutation. Mastectomy specimens from 360 breast cancers were enrolled and examined in the study. The relationship between BRCA gene mutation and clinic-pathological factors was evaluated. Overall, 280 patients were BRCA negative and 80 got BRCA gene mutation. Triple-negative breast cancers—i.e., breast cancers that do not express estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR) or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2/neu)—was observed in 53.85% of the BRCA1 mutation patients, in 28.57% of the BRCA2 mutation cases, while 14.29% of BRCA negative patients. BRCA1 mutation patients got a heavy lymph node metastasis and higher nuclear grade tumors than the others (P = 0.004, 0.007). Furthermore, BRCA mutation was also found to be significantly related to ER, PR and HER2/neu status (P < 0.05). BRCA1 expression was not associated with breast cancer-specific survival in the triple-negative breast cancers (P = 0.742). After Cox regression, BRCA1 mutation was not shown to be an independent prognostic factor for breast cancer. These findings substantiated the possibility of tumors associated with BRCA1 mutations divided into two distinct groups, triple-negative and non-triple-negative groups requires further investigation.