Association of a LSP1 gene rs3817198T>C polymorphism with breast cancer risk: evidence from 33,920 cases and 35,671 controls
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Published data on the association between lymphocyte-specific protein 1 (LSP1) rs3817198T>C polymorphism and breast cancer risk are inconclusive. Hence, we conducted a meta-analysis of the LSP1 gene and risk of breast cancer to obtain the most reliable estimate of the association. PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases were searched. Crude odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were extracted and pooled to assess the strength of the association between the LSP1 rs3817198T>C polymorphism and risk of breast cancer. A total of seven eligible studies including 33,920 cases and 35,671 controls based on the search criteria were involved in this meta-analysis. The distributions of genotypes in the controls were all in agreement with Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium. We observed that the LSP1 rs3817198T>C polymorphism was significantly correlated with breast cancer risk when all studies were pooled into the meta-analysis (the allele contrast model: OR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.04–1.08; the homozygote codominant: OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.01–1.28). In the stratified analysis by ethnicity, significant association was observed in Caucasians for CC versus TT homozygote codominant model (OR = 1.25; 95% CI = 1.03–1.52) and for the recessive model (OR = 1.22; 95% CI = 1.02–1.47). There was significant association observed in Africans for CC versus TT homozygote codominant model (OR = 0.45; 95% CI = 0.22–0.92) and for the recessive model (OR = 0.43; 95% CI=0.22–0.88). Also, significant association was observed in mixed ethnicities for CC versus TT homozygote codominant model (OR = 1.12; 95% CI = 1.05–1.19). When stratified by study design, statistically significantly elevated risk was found in nested case–control studies (CC vs. TT: OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.05–1.19). But no significant association was observed for all comparison models between LSP1 rs3817198T>C polymorphism and breast cancer risk in hospital-based and people-based studies. When stratified by BRCA1 mutation carriers status, statistically significantly elevated risk was found in this meta-analysis (the allele contrast model: OR = 1.07, 95% CI = 1.01–1.14; the dominant model: OR = 1.09, 95% CI = 1.00–1.18). And significant association was found in the BRCA2 mutation carriers in the allele contrast (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.03–1.20), the homozygote codominant (OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.04–1.47), the heterozygote codominant (OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.00–1.25) and the dominant models (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.03–1.27). There was significant association between LSP1 rs3817198T>C polymorphism and breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 positive cohort in all comparison models (the allele contrast model: OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 1.03–1.13; CC vs. TT: OR = 1.16, 95% CI = 1.05–1.29; TC vs. TT: OR = 1.09, 95% CI = 1.01–1.16; the dominant model: OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 1.03–1.17; the recessive model: OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.01–1.23). In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggests that the LSP1 rs3817198T>C polymorphism is a low-penetrant risk factor for developing breast cancer but may not be in Africans.
KeywordsLymphocyte-specific protein 1 (LSP1) Breast cancer Genetic polymorphisms Mutation Risk
This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK2010160).
Conflict of interest
None of the authors has any potential financial conflict of interest related to this manuscript.
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