Microarray analysis of high-glucose diet-induced changes in mRNA expression in jejunums of C57BL/6J mice reveals impairment in digestion, absorption
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Long term intake of high-glucose diet (HGD) may induce many diseases such as dyslipidemia, fatty liver and diabetes disease. Most of the research for molecular mechanisms of the association between HGD and the above diseases focus on the metabolism of glucose and lipid. However, there are few studies on molecular mechanism of the effect of HGD on digestion and absorption. We used HGD (containing 20% glucose) to feed C57BL/6J mice for 4 weeks, detected the expressions of 13,098 genes in jejunums of C57BL/6J mice with DNA microarray. Microarray analysis showed the expression of genes related to digestive enzyme, gastrointestinal peptide and nutrient transporters were significantly changed, which indicated that HGD induced the suppression of digestive enzyme gene expression, attenuation of alimentary tract movement and nutrient transportation. In one word, the microarray analysis suggested that HGD impaired the function of digestion and absorption in jejunum of C57BL/6J mice. We validated our microarray findings by conducting real-time RT-PCR assays on selected genes and detecting the activities of disaccharidases such as lactase, maltase and sucrase in jejunum of C57BL/6J mice.