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Molecular Breeding

, 39:143 | Cite as

Molecular cytogenetic identification of two wheat–Thinopyrum ponticum substitution lines conferring stripe rust resistance

  • Siwen Wang
  • Changyou Wang
  • Yanzhen Wang
  • Yajuan Wang
  • Chunhuan Chen
  • Wanquan JiEmail author
Review
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

Distant hybridizations are important for developing common wheat germplasm. Thinopyrum ponticum (2n = 10x = 70), which is a wild relative of wheat, has numerous advantages for enhancing the tolerance of plants to biotic and abiotic stresses. ES-11 and ES-12 are two stable lines derived from a cross between the Triticum aestivumTh. ponticum partial amphiploid line Xiaoyan784 (2n = 8x = 56) and the wheat Abbondanza nullisomic lines (2n = 40) involving consecutive self-crosses and cytological marker-assisted selection. Lines ES-11 and ES-12 were characterized by a cytogenetic analysis, a sequential fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)–genomic in situ hybridization (GISH), and a multicolor GISH (mc-GISH) combined with an analysis of functional molecular markers. Moreover, their agronomic traits and disease resistance were evaluated. The cytogenetic results suggested that ES-11 and ES-12 contained 42 chromosomes. In ES-12, wheat chromosome 3D was replaced by a pair of Th. ponticum 3St chromosomes for a genome composition of 14A + 14B + 12D + 2(3St). In ES-11, wheat chromosome 3B and 4D were replaced by chromosomes 3St and 4 J, respectively, for a genome composition of 14A + 12B + 12D + 2(3St) +2(4J). The detected recombination between chromosomes 3St and 4J and the structural variation of chromosome 2A were due to the introduction of two pairs of Th. ponticum chromosomes. Additionally, ES-11 and ES-12 were resistant to stripe rust at the seedling and adult stages. Thus, the highly disease-resistant wheat–Th. ponticum disomic substitution line (ES-12) and double substitution line (ES-11) are potentially useful germplasms for breeding disease-resistant wheat lines.

Keywords

Thinopyrum ponticum Substitution line mc-GISH Genomic composition variations Stripe rust resistance 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (grant no. 2016YFD0102000), and the Zhongying Tang Breeding Foundation of Northwest A&F University. We are grateful for their financial support.

Supplementary material

11032_2019_1053_MOESM1_ESM.docx (23 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 23 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siwen Wang
    • 1
  • Changyou Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yanzhen Wang
    • 1
  • Yajuan Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chunhuan Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wanquan Ji
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of AgronomyNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Shaanxi Research Station of Crop Gene Resources and Germplasm EnhancementMinistry of AgricultureYanglingPeople’s Republic of China

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