Molecular Breeding

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 13–30 | Cite as

Breeding quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): potential and perspectives

  • Andrés Zurita-Silva
  • Francisco Fuentes
  • Pablo Zamora
  • Sven-Erik Jacobsen
  • Andrés R. Schwember
Review

Abstract

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) originated in the Andean region of South America; this species is associated with exceptional grain nutritional quality and is highly valued for its ability to tolerate abiotic stresses. However, its introduction outside the Andes has yet to take off on a large scale. In the Andes, quinoa has until recently been marginally grown by small-scale Andean farmers, leading to minor interest in the crop from urban consumers and the industry. Quinoa breeding programs were not initiated until the 1960s in the Andes, and elsewhere from the 1970s onwards. New molecular tools available for the existing quinoa breeding programs, which are critically examined in this review, will enable us to tackle the limitations of allotetraploidy and genetic specificities. The recent progress, together with the declaration of “The International Year of the Quinoa” by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, anticipates a bright future for this ancient species.

Keywords

Chenopodium quinoa Downy mildew Saponin Marker-assisted selection Marginal environments Stress tolerance 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

BAC

Bacterial artificial chromosome

EST

Expressed sequence tag

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

GA

Gibberellic acid

IYQ2013

The International Year of the Quinoa

MAS

Marker-assisted selection

NOR

Nucleolus organizer region

NTS

Non-transcribed spacers

PROINPA

Fundación para la Promoción e Investigación de Productos Andinos

QTL

Quantitative trait loci

RAPD

Random amplified polymorphic DNA

RIL

Recombinant inbred line

SRA

Sequence read archive

SSR

Simple sequence repeat

SNP

Single nucleotide polymorphism

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrés Zurita-Silva
    • 1
  • Francisco Fuentes
    • 2
  • Pablo Zamora
    • 3
    • 4
  • Sven-Erik Jacobsen
    • 5
  • Andrés R. Schwember
    • 6
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación IntihuasiInstituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA)La SerenaChile
  2. 2.Facultad de Recursos Naturales RenovablesUniversidad Arturo PratIquiqueChile
  3. 3.Plant Sciences DepartmentUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  4. 4.Universidad de TarapacaAricaChile
  5. 5.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of CopenhagenTaastrupDenmark
  6. 6.Facultad de Agronomía e Ingeniería ForestalPontificia Universidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile

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