Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 82–92 | Cite as

Power stress in primary school children

  • Carolin RaihalaEmail author
  • Greta HansenEmail author
Original Paper


In this paper, we demonstrate that, in accordance with research on adults, children with high implicit power motive show power stress when their need for influence cannot be satisfied. Participants, ranging between 8 and 11 years of age, had to convince a puppet to drink apple juice after they were made aware of the puppet’s dislike for the juice. Half of the children encountered a cooperative puppet; the other half encountered an uncooperative puppet that rejected attempts to get it to try the juice. Results showed participants with a high implicit power motive showed more negative affect when their efforts to convince the puppet to drink the juice failed. Implications for research on power stress in children and further directions are discussed.


Implicit power motive Power stress Children 



We would like to thank Patrick Victor for his essential role in data collection, Jan Hofer and Holger Busch for very helpful comments on earlier drafts of this manuscript, and Nora Hogrebe, and Ellen Kerpen for proofreading. The study reported in this paper was not pre-registered.

Author Contributions

CR: contributed to the study design, data analysis, and manuscript writing. GH: have contributed to the study design and the data collection.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of TrierTrierGermany
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of LuxembourgLuxembourgLuxembourg

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