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Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 147–157 | Cite as

How expected evaluation influences creativity: Regulatory focus as moderator

  • Jia Wang
  • Ling WangEmail author
  • Ru-De Liu
  • Hui-Zhen Dong
Original Paper

Abstract

Two studies investigated the effect of expected evaluation and regulatory focus on individuals’ creative performance. In both studies, first, the type of evaluation (informational versus controlling) was manipulated, and then regulatory focus was measured as an individual difference (in Study 1) or induced as a state using a pencil-and-paper maze task (in Study 2). Results provided evidence that participants who expect an informational evaluation were more likely to adopt an eager strategy; whereas participants who expected a controlling evaluation were more likely to adopt a vigilant strategy. Furthermore, participants in promotion-informational and prevention-controlling groups (regulatory fit conditions) performed more creatively than those in promotion-controlling and prevention-informational groups (regulatory non-fit conditions). In sum, the present findings contribute to a better understanding of how external evaluations and basic motivational orientations influence creative performance.

Keywords

Expected evaluation Regulatory focus Regulatory fit Creativity 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, School of PsychologyBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, Department of PsychologyCapital Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Beijing Siyuan Xingye Real Estate Brokerage Co., Ltd.BeijingChina

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