Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 353–366 | Cite as

Linking job demands and resources to burnout and work engagement: Does passion underlie these differential relationships?

  • Sarah-Geneviève TrépanierEmail author
  • Claude Fernet
  • Stéphanie Austin
  • Jacques Forest
  • Robert J. Vallerand
Original Paper


This study examined the role of passion for work in the health impairment and motivational processes proposed by the job demands-resources model. Based on the dualistic model of passion, we proposed that harmonious and obsessive passion intervene simultaneously in the relationship between (1) job demands and burnout/engagement, and (2) job resources and burnout/engagement. This model was tested in two occupational samples: nurses (n = 1,179) and teachers (n = 745). Results from structural equation modeling support the proposed model in both samples. That is, both types of passion partially mediated the relationship between job demands and burnout, while harmonious passion partially mediated the relationship between job demands and engagement. Moreover, harmonious passion partially mediated the relationship between job resources and burnout/work engagement. Implications for burnout research and management practices are discussed.


Passion for work Burnout Work engagement Job demands-resources model Dualistic model of passion 



This work was supported by a Grant from the Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Société et la Culture and a fellowship from the Fonds de la Recherche en Santé du Québec awarded to Claude Fernet.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah-Geneviève Trépanier
    • 1
    Email author
  • Claude Fernet
    • 2
  • Stéphanie Austin
    • 2
  • Jacques Forest
    • 3
  • Robert J. Vallerand
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversité du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)MontréalCanada
  2. 2.Department of ManagementUniversité du Québec à Trois-RivièresTrois-RivièresCanada
  3. 3.School of Management ScienceUniversité du Québec à MontréalMontrealCanada
  4. 4.Department of Educational and Counselling PsychologyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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