Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 157–165 | Cite as

Rose-colored glasses gone too far? Mania symptoms predict biased emotion experience and perception in couples

  • Sunny J. Dutra
  • Tessa V. West
  • Emily A. Impett
  • Christopher Oveis
  • Aleksandr Kogan
  • Dacher Keltner
  • June Gruber
Original Paper

Abstract

The present study investigated how symptoms of mania—associated with heightened and persistent positive emotion—influence emotion experience and perception during distressing social interactions, whereby the experience of heightened positive emotion may not be socially adaptive. Specifically, mania symptoms were assessed via a validated self-report measure, and used to predict emotion experience and perception during a naturalistic conversation between romantic couples about a time of distress and suffering (N = 68 dyads). Results indicated that mania symptoms were associated with increased positive and decreased negative emotion experience and perception between couples, as well as decreased empathic accuracy for partners’ negative but not positive emotions. These findings suggest that mania symptoms may be associated with “rose-colored” glasses characterized by a positively biased emotional experience and outward perception even during perhaps the most intimate and distressing social situations.

Keywords

Mania Emotion Perception Empathy Relationships 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sunny J. Dutra
    • 1
  • Tessa V. West
    • 2
  • Emily A. Impett
    • 3
  • Christopher Oveis
    • 4
  • Aleksandr Kogan
    • 5
  • Dacher Keltner
    • 6
  • June Gruber
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.New York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.University of TorontoMississaugaCanada
  4. 4.University of California, San DiegoSan DiegoUSA
  5. 5.University of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  6. 6.University of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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