Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 205–213

Individual differences in ego depletion: The role of sociotropy-autonomy

  • Toru Sato
  • Brittany A. Harman
  • Whitney M. Donohoe
  • Allison Weaver
  • William A. Hall
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11031-010-9166-9

Cite this article as:
Sato, T., Harman, B.A., Donohoe, W.M. et al. Motiv Emot (2010) 34: 205. doi:10.1007/s11031-010-9166-9

Abstract

In his cognitive theory of depression, Beck (1987) suggested that highly sociotropic individuals have a strong need for social acceptance whereas highly autonomous individuals have an excessive need for achievement. Research by Baumeister (2000) has suggested that a phenomenon known as ego depletion, the weakening of performance on tasks following active self-control, occurs because it depletes a limited inner resource. The present study examined whether individuals who are highly sociotropic or autonomous would respond differently when faced with tasks requiring self-control. Participants completed the Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale (Clark et al. 1995) and engaged in two active self-control tasks. The results revealed that sociotropy levels were negatively correlated with persistence on tasks that require self-control whereas autonomy was positively correlated to persistence on the same task. In addition, the results suggested that, following a task requiring self-control, highly sociotropic individuals expend less effort, whereas highly autonomous individuals expend more effort on subsequent tasks requiring self-control.

Keywords

Ego depletion Self-control Personality Depression 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toru Sato
    • 1
  • Brittany A. Harman
    • 1
  • Whitney M. Donohoe
    • 1
  • Allison Weaver
    • 1
  • William A. Hall
    • 1
  1. 1.Shippensburg UniversityShippensburgUSA

Personalised recommendations