Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 133–143 | Cite as

Composition and consistency of the desired affective state: The role of personality and motivation

  • Adam A Augustine
  • Scott H. Hemenover
  • Randy J. Larsen
  • Tirza E. Shulman
Original Paper


Using longitudinal and experience sampling designs, the consistency and composition, and personality and motivational predictors, of the desired affective state are explored. Findings indicate that, while the desired affect is relatively malleable throughout one semester, it is relatively stable throughout 1 week. Personality and motivations/goals were related to the content of the desired affective state. Extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, and conscientiousness were related to the content of the desired affective state. In addition, higher-order goals predicted the content of the desired affective state. Our results suggest that the content of the desired affective state may be largely dependent on personality, motivation, and, potentially, an interaction between personality and motivation.


Desired affect Ideal affect Big 5 Motivation Goals 



The authors would like to thank Jessica Bunn, Heather Grogan, the Axio survey system team at Kansas State University, and the AskWU survey system team at Washington University in St. Louis for their assistance with data collection.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam A Augustine
    • 1
  • Scott H. Hemenover
    • 2
  • Randy J. Larsen
    • 3
  • Tirza E. Shulman
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWashington University in St. LouisSt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.Western Illinois UniversityMacombUSA
  3. 3.Washington University in St. LouisSt. LouisUSA
  4. 4.University of WisconsinFond du LacUSA

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