Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 49–62

Antecedents of everyday positive emotions: An experience sampling analysis

  • Thomas Goetz
  • Anne C. Frenzel
  • Heidrun Stoeger
  • Nathan C. Hall
Original Paper


The focus of this study is on everyday positive emotions and their relations to critical appraisal antecedents. Following from classical appraisal theory and Pekrun’s (2006) control-value theory of achievement emotions, two research questions were addressed, namely whether cognitive appraisals of control and value were related to discrete positive emotions in everyday situations and whether control and value antecedents interact in predicting these emotions. We further investigated whether control/value and positive emotion relations changed as a function of situational factors (achievement vs. non-achievement settings). 50 university freshmen (78% female) were assessed by use of the experience sampling method for a period of 1 week, with intraindividual analyses conducted using a multilevel, idiographic approach. Consistent with our hypotheses, the emotions of enjoyment, pride, and contentment were positively related to control and value appraisals. Further, control and value interacted to predict these positive emotions. The strength of appraisal/positive emotion relations was equivalent across achievement vs. non-achievement settings. Implications for future research are discussed.


Emotion Appraisal Control Value Enjoyment Pride Contentment Experience sampling method 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Goetz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anne C. Frenzel
    • 3
  • Heidrun Stoeger
    • 4
  • Nathan C. Hall
    • 5
  1. 1.University of KonstanzConstanceGermany
  2. 2.Thurgau University of Teacher EducationThurgauSwitzerland
  3. 3.University of MunichMunichGermany
  4. 4.University of RegensburgRegensburgGermany
  5. 5.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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