Mechanics of Composite Materials

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 257–268 | Cite as

Anchorage strength models for end-debonding predictions in RC beams strengthened with FRP composites

  • V. Nardini
  • M. Guadagnini
  • M. R. Valluzzi


The increase in the flexural capacity of RC beams obtained by externally bonding FRP composites to their tension side is often limited by the premature and brittle debonding of the external reinforcement. An in-depth understanding of this complex failure mechanism, however, has not yet been achieved. With specific regard to end-debonding failure modes, extensive experimental observations reported in the literature highlight the important distinction, often neglected in strength models proposed by researchers, between the peel-off and rip-off end-debonding types of failure. The peel-off failure is generally characterized by a failure plane located within the first few millimetres of the concrete cover, whilst the rip-off failure penetrates deeper into the concrete cover and propagates along the tensile steel reinforcement. A new rip-off strength model is described in this paper. The model proposed is based on the Chen and Teng peel-off model and relies upon additional theoretical considerations. The influence of the amount of the internal tensile steel reinforcement and the effective anchorage length of FRP are considered and discussed. The validity of the new model is analyzed further through comparisons with test results, findings of a numerical investigation, and a parametric study. The new rip-off strength model is assessed against a database comprising results from 62 beams tested by various researchers and is shown to yield less conservative results.


debonding FRP RC beam composites strengthening strength model anchorage 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Nardini
    • 1
  • M. Guadagnini
    • 2
  • M. R. Valluzzi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Architecture, Urbanism and SurveyUniversity of PaduaPaduaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Structural EngineeringUniversity of SheffieldSheffield, South YorkshireUK

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