From euphoria to reality on efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+)
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The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently published its Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) which concluded that warming of the earth’s climate is now unequivocal, and that it is clear that this is due to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from human activities, particularly from the last half of the 20th century onwards (IPCC 2013). Atmospheric concentrations of the GHGs, which include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), are higher than any time over the last 650,000 years. Rapid increases in the emissions, especially in Asia, of short-lived gases such as sulphur dioxide that have a net cooling effect may temporarily slow down the warming, but are no structural solution (Kaufmann et al. 2011; Klimont et al. 2013).
While fossil fuel use remains the dominant concern, conversion of forests into agricultural land is also a major source of GHG emissions. Currently, a gross figure of 13 million ha of forests are lost annually,...
KeywordsReducing emissions from deforestation and degradation REDD+ Indonesia Vietnam Cameroon Peru Peatlands Carbon stocks Greenhouse gases GHGs
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