Ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change: what role for policy-makers, society and scientists?

  • Raffaele VignolaEmail author
  • Bruno Locatelli
  • Celia Martinez
  • Pablo Imbach


In developing countries where economies and livelihoods depend largely on ecosystem services, policies for adaptation to climate change should take into account the role of these services in increasing the resilience of society. This ecosystem-based approach to adaptation was the focus of an international workshop on “Adaptation to Climate Change: the role of Ecosystem Services” held in November 2008 in Costa Rica. This article presents the key messages from the workshop.


Adaptation to climate change Ecosystem services Policy-science-society dialogue 



The authors thank the participants of the workshop whose messages and ideas were used in this report and anonymous reviewers for their useful contributions. The workshop was realized within the framework of the project “Tropical Forests and Climate Change Adaptation” (TroFCCA), executed by CATIE and CIFOR and funded by the European Commission under contract EuropeAid/ENV/2004-81719. The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the authors and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raffaele Vignola
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Bruno Locatelli
    • 2
    • 3
  • Celia Martinez
    • 1
  • Pablo Imbach
    • 1
  1. 1.CATIEClimate Change ProgramTurrialbaCosta Rica
  2. 2.CIRAD UPR Forest PoliciesMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.CIFOR ENVBogorIndonesia
  4. 4.ETH Zurich, Institute for Environmental DecisionsNatural and Social Science InterfaceZurichSwitzerland

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