Integrating mitigation and adaptation as responses to climate change: a synthesis

Original Article


Integrating mitigation and adaptation (M&A) is a practical reality for climate change response policy, despite a range of conceptual and methodological challenges. Based on the papers in this special issue, some preliminary findings about appropriate integrated portfolios are offered, along with several implications for climate policy.


Adaptation Capacity-building Climate change impacts Climate change responses Co-benefits Integrated analysis Mitigation Risk Synergies Sustainable development Scale Secondary effects 


  1. 1.
    See the Table of Contents of this special issue for the locations of the papers citedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  2. 2.Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA

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