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A stakeholder driven process to reduce vulnerability to climate change in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico

  • Hallie Eakin
  • Victor Magaña
  • Joel Smith
  • José Luis Moreno
  • José Maria Martínez
  • Osvaldo Landavazo
Original Article

Abstract

While there is a growing body of knowledge on potential impacts of climate change on water availability, there has been much less empirical research on exploring the viability of particular adaptation options. The participation of stakeholders in defining appropriate adaptation strategies is increasingly recognized as a critical element in the translation of climate change impact research into effective actions to reduce future vulnerability, yet the process by which stakeholders are included in such initiatives is not well-defined. This article presents the results of a pilot project in which a participatory approach was employed to identify and evaluate adaptation options to climate change scenarios for Sonora’s capital city, Hermosillo. In an iterative process, stakeholders representing different water users and managers in the city met to discuss climate change scenarios, identify specific adaptation options, and evaluate a subset of options for possible future implementation. This process enabled the focus of the investigation on those adaptations that addressed not only concerns with the potential future impacts of climate change but also the immediate and pressing concerns about development patterns and water use in the city. Two of the adaptations to climate change identified by stakeholders would also reduce energy demand. The simplicity of the approach makes it a feasible model for adaptation initiatives in other regions of Mexico and in other countries in Latin America.

Keywords

Adaptation Mexico Stakeholder participation Water management 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding for this study was generously provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Atmospheric Protection through contract 68-W-02-027 with Stratus Consulting Inc. We gratefully acknowledge the support of Jack Fitzgerald and Jane Leggett at U.S.EPA. We also acknowledge the support of Adrian Fernandez and Julia Martinez of the National Institute of Ecology (INE) in the Mexican government (SEMARNAT).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hallie Eakin
    • 1
  • Victor Magaña
    • 2
  • Joel Smith
    • 3
  • José Luis Moreno
    • 4
  • José Maria Martínez
    • 4
  • Osvaldo Landavazo
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA
  2. 2.Centro de Ciencias de la AtmósferaCiudad Universitaria, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMéxicoMexico
  3. 3.Stratus Consulting IncBoulderUSA
  4. 4.El Colegio de SonoraSonoraMexico
  5. 5.Universidad de Sonora, Blvd. Luis Encinas y Rosales, Col. CentroHermosiloMexico

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