, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp 199–214

Recent Developments in China–U.S. Cooperation in Science

  • Caroline S. Wagner
  • Lutz Bornmann
  • Loet Leydesdorff


China’s remarkable gains in science over the past 25 years have been well documented but it is less well known that China and the United States have become each other’s top collaborating country. Science and technology has been a primary vehicle for growing the bilateral relationship between China and the United States since the opening of relations between the two countries in the late 1970s. During the early 2000s, the scientific relationship between China and the United States—as measured in coauthored papers—showed significant growth (Jin et al. in Journal of Shanxi University 30(2):295–302, 2007). Chinese scientists claim first authorship much more frequently than U.S. counterparts by the end of the decade. The sustained rate of increase of collaboration with one other country is unprecedented on the U.S. side. Even growth in relations with eastern European nations does not match the growth in the relationship between China and the United States. Both countries can benefit from the relationship, but for the U.S., greater benefit would come from a more targeted strategy.


China United States Research and development Science Science policy Global relations Russia 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline S. Wagner
    • 1
  • Lutz Bornmann
    • 2
  • Loet Leydesdorff
    • 3
  1. 1.Milton & Roslyn Wolf Chair in International Affairs, John Glenn School of Public Affairs, Battelle Center for Science and Technology PolicyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Division for Science and Innovation StudiesAdministrative Headquarters of the Max Planck SocietyMunichGermany
  3. 3.Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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